A stair run or tread is the part of a stair that you step on. Below are all the tools i use and a link to free drawings and material lists of two decks. Pressure treatment is a process that forces chemicals that are toxic to fungus (termites, too) virtually throughout the wood fiber of your lumber. Cut posts using your ledger as a height reference. above that point (you may have to cut it with your power saw) so you can screw the ledger tightly against the sheathing and house frame (Fig. Fig. Cut two 2-by-8-inch boards to span the length of the deck and attach them to the first 2-by-8. They’re also much harder to replace should rot occur. Beams made from stronger wood can often be smaller. And it might if you put it together right. A ledger board attaches the deck to the home, and is the most important connection for the deck. It sits atop the 4x4 posts. Ledger. Now add the platform. Whether you place the deck by a water feature, within the garden, far from the house, or near the house, a detached deck helps create a world all its own. on center (from the center of one to the center of the next. Before you break ground and start laying the foundation for a deck you’ll enjoy for years to come, weigh the various factors involved in building your deck and how it can impact your options. Its structure remains rigid and doesn’t sway as kids run across it. 3). What’s more, the chemicals in treated wood tend to attract moisture, causing treated wood to swell more readily than redwood and cedar. You might need: To prepare and square the site. Next, you’ll dig holes for the footings, assemble the footings and pier forms, and raise posts over the piers. But if the prospect of building a full-scale attached deck feels daunting, consider an easier alternative: building a detached deck. 6). Take your design to your local building inspector’s office. Keep it at your side as you plan, design, and complete your own. section of concrete, called the “footing,” must rest on undisturbed soil (disturbed soil compresses too easily), have a flat bottom to transfer weight evenly, and be completely below your local frost line. Your first step is to attach a ledger board. Let the boards extend beyond the edge of the deck. If your house was built since the mid 1990s, there is a chance that the floor system is constructed with a MWJ (Manufactured Wood Joist) floor system. At some home supply stores, staff will even design an elevated deck for you if you buy your supplies from them. A good footing is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top to avoid frost heaves, and extends 6 in. This can be tricky, especially on sloped sites. Attach the post anchors to the deck footings using a hammer drill designed for heavy-duty work. It’s worth double-checking them before you pour the concrete in case you need to reposition them. Remember, the plywood that will cover this will raise the height another 3/4 of an inch. by Brian (Ontario, Canada) We live in Ontario, Canada and plan to build an elevated deck at the back of our house with stairs to access the main floor - which is above our walk-out basement doors. D). Typically, projects take longer than you first imagine, but the quality you achieve is worth it. your deck nears completion. Then, you’ll have to cut the beam that will go opposite the ledger board to the same length, and attach corresponding joist hangers. D), especially joints where moisture sinks in and dries out slowly. You can cut them all off evenly after nailing them all down. 10 galvanized screws beneath, as shown. processors of top-quality treated wood impregnate some of their wood products with a water repellent so they absorb less moisture, swell less, and therefore crack and warp less. The foundation securely anchors the deck posts and rests on solid ground below the frost line. The surface fungus that causes the color change is a mold that really does no significant damage. Proper flashing stops rot. Fungus spreads in the form of thousands of microscopic spores that float through the air. Reinforce with wood blocks cut from the same size wood material as the joists (called blocking) between the joists to prevent the joists from twisting. power auger if you have to dig a lot of them. Figs. So don’t buy boards that seem waterlogged or unusually heavy. But it can delay rot for several additional years. So if you aren’t fully confident, look at several deck-building books. They’ll tell you if you need a permit. Deck Board Spacer: It’s easy to space deck boards evenly. As a sign of quality, look for the American Wood Protection Association (AWPA) stamp or a lifetime guarantee on each board. Respect their time. 2B) like fence posts invites eventual rot. Install the ledger first, and slip proper flashing to stop rot. Be sure the ledger board is attached properly, using bolts -- not screws. As you know, decks are versatile; you can put them almost anywhere and build them almost any way you want. Anchor deck joists to the ledger with joist hangers, filling each hole with galvanized joist hanger nails rated for pressure-treated wood. Areas of deck wood that absorb water readily yet dry slowly will rot first. The wood/concrete connections are good in A, C and D. Before you mix and pour the concrete, decide how you want to attach the posts to it. Wear goggles when cutting it to keep sawdust away from your eyes. Then consider how long it will take to mix your own. Fill out the details, using other decks for examples. With your ledger in place, you can use it as a height reference for the other beam. Your attachment should also meet code requirements for bolt-through details into a solid part of the house. Depending on your deck size, posts may be 4 - 8 feet apart with rail height of 36-42 inches. In these kinds of page, we likewise have variety of images available. One of the pleasures of building a good, solid deck is believing that it’ll last forever. Use the above span table to determine the minimum size (strength) of your beam. You can even chat with neighbors who have built similar structures and understand some of the limitations of the particular terrain or geography within your neighborhood. Everyone knows how pleasant a deck can be, but as the builder, you get an additional reward — the pleasure of knowing you’ve made a first-class addition to your home. Inspect the boards to make sure they’re dry. And it needs to be accurate. Most cities, towns, and neighborhoods require building permits for building a deck above ground. Let your imagination run. Use a second 2-by-4 on the opposite side. Wherever you choose to build it, a raised deck adds extra entertaining space to your garden. Your deck will not feel right until you’re sure your railing is strong. It’s also a great project to take on if you’re wanting to put your DIY skills to the test. Widen and flatten the bottoms to get a wide support base. Once the concrete hardens, you’re ready to build. Even special formulations break down and peel under intense sunlight, causing the same recoating problems as paint. Adding posts shortens the spans, and as you can see in the table, sharply reduces the beam size needed. Each free deck plan will tell you which materials, supplies, and tools you'll need to collect as well as cutting instructions. Just insert 3/8-in. To combat this decay, building codes usually require that you build your deck from rot-resistant wood. The metal post/beam cap shown in Fig. By the end you’ll be able to design, plan and construct your own deck like a pro. Most deck wood dries quickly, but a few places remain wet for a long time (Fig. Plans are necessary in order to get a permit, and most municipalities will want details, such as the type of wood you plan to use, the height of the rails and how you plan to place the required rails on stairs. In order to be compliant with building codes and safety regulations, stairs need guardrails with handrails. Once the concrete has been cured, brace the posts for stability, adding beams or rim joists. Building the deck close to the ground helps keeps the “wobble” out of the completed structure. It must be installed 3 inches lower than at the floor inside the house. long to completely penetrate the rim joist. Example B is acceptable, but will rot sooner than the others. In such cases use machine bolts, because you can steady their heads with a wrench. There are many other additions you can make to your deck: benches, planters, a stairway. These step-by-step directions on how to build a raised deck will help you build the deck of your dreams. The beam, here consisting of two 2x10s, must be strong enough to support the weight of the deck, plus the weight of all the activity that takes place in it. Then drive a wide wooden shim between the rows to properly space the bowed board. The connections in Fig. Keeping an eye on that structure, you will understand the entire deck-building process. by Richard May 5, 2019. written by Richard May 5, 2019. On occasion you may need to bolt the ledger to a concrete foundation (Fig. Dunk the critical ends of posts and other lumber into a bucket of wood preservative (formulated to resist fungus) for an hour or even a day to let as much preservative as possible soak into the wood. Use support blocks to reinforce the ends of a ledger board when bolting it to concrete. As with beams, joist size depends on the weight to be supported, the length the joists have to span and their wood type. Go ahead and discuss your ideas in detail. Preservative chemicals often won’t penetrate heartwood, so it can quickly rot. Print Version. They’ll want to know specifics like the size, height, and type of lumber to determine if it meets safety regulations. some neighbors to help you dump it quickly. For the pictured project, the pieces are spaced ¼-inch apart. Clear, skin-forming finishes like varnish and polyurethane also protect well but don’t last long. But they won‘t feel safe. I have helped put up 5-6 decks, always used a ledger and never heard anyone have water issues. Predrill your holes for lead lag shields or expansion bolts with a hammer drill and special carbide drilling bit to make this job easy. To solve the problem caused by wetting/drying cycles. Predrill holes to mid splitting ends. You’ll see it happen as your deck “weathers” to a silver gray in a few years. You can dig the footings by hand or rent a power auger to make the process easier. Neither of these forms a skin on the wood surface that can peel. By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy. Add your measurements to a more detailed sketch. The concrete should extend 6 in. provide enough support when they rest on a good base. When the lumber comes, you're ready to go. ), a 2x6 spans 8 ft. a 2x8 spans 10 ft., and a 2x10 spans 12 ft. Getting corners square when building a deck is quite challenging. Unfortunately, brushed-on water repellents last only two to three years. They don’t react as much to wetting/drying cycles as several of the denser types used for pressure treating, like Southern yellow pine. A water repellent simply keeps the water out.). Beyond a raised deck offering an attractive outdoor space and adding value to your home, there are other considerations for building a raised deck including: the terrain, location, type of lumber available, and of course, the cost and project completion estimate. But your deck will feel more solid if you limit your joist span to 8 ft. When your post spacing reaches about 10 ft., the beams get big and heavy, sometimes four 2x8s, three 2x10s or larger. Use 3/8-in. We’ll walk you through step-by-step directions for how to build a platform deck that isn’t attached to the house and uses a simple foundation. If you prefer to use redwood or cedar, you can make them last longer by treating them with a chemical preservative yourself. If you have to use them while they’re still wet, be sure to observe the safety precautions below. Over time these repeated movements can cause boards to crack and split. You might have trouble finding dry 4x4s and larger timbers. Use one fastener per post as these are just temporary. Some of the items are necessary for more than one stage of the project, so do check the steps thoroughly for the tools and equipment needed. This is because soil eventually shifts, compresses and otherwise moves with Mother Nature. Then when the sun bakes them dry, the wood shrinks. It acts as an extension of your indoor space, taking the excitement or relaxation right outside where you can enjoy the fresh air and scenic views. Make clean joints by cutting boards off perfectly square and butting them together over the center of a joist. If you’re going the DIY route, several free apps can help you generate blueprints to take to your building office when applying for permits. Just jot those ideas down. However, starting with a good foundation will prepare your deck for years of hard use. Allow the concrete to set. Gaps appear at joints. Your footsteps on the deck boards sound crisp and firm, like the floor in your house. If you’re planning to cap your posts, be sure to allow extra room for the caps. We would advise that you plan your deck to fit only whole deck boards, to avoid having to cut a deck board lengthways to fill a gap. A down to one 2x8 in Fig. Except for very low decks, it’s a good idea to stiffen your posts and beams with diagonal braces to prevent deck swaying (Fig. For additional support, bolt blocks under both ends. If building a low-level deck that is connected to posts set within the framing, attach the rim joist to the posts using galvanized 10D common nails, or 3-inch galvanized screws. A “.40” rating should be stamped right on the board, which means it contains .40 pounds of preservative per cubic foot of wood. Once you’ve dug your footing holes, it’s time to position your posts in the holes and check that they’re plumb (exactly vertical). You can use them to join the joists to the ledger. Not so easy, but no less important, is to cut a groove for the flashing. Many deck builders don’t like the green color or knotty appearance of treated wood. higher so water will run off. Rails that pass over the tops of the posts are strongest and easiest to fasten. Remember, you can always add another beam to support the joists mid-span if you need to. As a rule of thumb. BestLife52 is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk or Amazon.ca. Go out to your proposed deck site and with a tape measure, figure out the rough dimensions: length, width, height. These free deck plans will help you build the deck of your dreams. Plumb your posts, keeping them straight and then install the landing framing. And year after year it serves you well, virtually maintenance-free, a good investment for your home. Use string to outline the raised deck footings. An above-ground deck works especially well for those living in elevated homes that are closer to sea level or in a flood zone, as well as for homes that have a backyard with a steep incline. Install the ledger first, especially if you have a door opening onto the deck. Building your own elevated deck can be accomplished in a few weekends, depending on the size and shape of your deck, as well as your skill level with DIY projects. UPDATE: I added a span table below referencing minimum beam sizes in the section Avoid Common Deck-Building Mistakes. Strength and safety are first priority here. A detached deck is a low deck that is not attached to the side of the house. Follow this tutorial and you’ll be enjoying your own ground level deck before you know it! It’s also most visible, so select your best-looking material for it. The triangle created by the beam, post, and brace keeps the structure rigid. A stringer is the wide board that supports the stair treads on either side and runs at an angle. 1, and some alternative styles in Fig. Use a level to measure and trim the tops of the posts to ensure that they’re even to create an attractive, symmetrical look to your deck. Unfortunately, though, repainting a deck is difficult once the first coat peels, because you have to scrape and sand the wood to prepare for a new coat. Your building inspector will tell you how deep frost extends in your area. To correctly size a beam, consider these three factors: For most decks, two 2x10s nailed together will be strong enough if you support them with posts every 6 ft. Every time water soaks them, the wood swells. The 2x8 block behind the post adds strength. Budget factors to consider include how big you want your deck to be and the type of lumber you’ll use. Note any unusual features and potential problems. Pour it into the holes to hold the posts. The terrain, the deck’s location, budget, materials and project completion timeframe all factor into raised deck planning. If you’re considering building your own raised deck, it’s best to do your research to formulate a plan to build your deck and get years of enjoyment from it. How To Square A Deck For Your House Using 3-4-5 Technique. Attach a 2-by-8-inch ledger board perpendicular to the house. Terms of use, Budget - Determines Deck Size and Materials, Selecting The Best Composite Decking Color For Your Home. For example, you’ll need a 2’ x 12’ foot ledger for a 24’ x 14’ deck. Fixing: Use lag screws, hex head bolts and washers. No. Then slip aluminum flashing up under the siding and against the sheathing later you’ll bend the flashing over the top of the ledger to keep water from collecting against the house and causing rot. Using bags of concrete you’d purchased when you were gathering your materials, you can premix the concrete using a small cement mixer (that you can rent) or mix the appropriate amount in a wheelbarrow. 5B and 5C are okay, but will weaken sooner. Measure, measure, and measure again to ensure your deck is good and level. Other designs, like the one in Fig. Fungus needs moisture to grow, so rot won’t occur in any type of wood if the wood can dry out easily after rainstorms. But always ask your building inspector to confirm your design in advance. In other cases, such as stuccoed houses, many builders prefer to build a freestanding deck to avoid the mess and difficulty of cutting and flashing stucco. If you’re working with a contractor, you’ll want to be able to submit blueprints for the deck to have on file to make sure that your deck conforms to safety regulations, as well as local building codes. You’ll then be able to install the opposite beam … You can review images online to choose a design and talk with specialists at a building supply store for input. Use a long level and a helper to ensure the rim joist is level. Cut the 4x4 posts to length, fasten them to their concrete foundations, plumb them with a level and temporarily brace them in place with boards. C, simply because they make the deck feel a bit stiffer underfoot and fit better atop 4x4 posts. To build a deck, first you’ll need to nail joist hangers in place on a ledger board and attach the board to your house. There are different sizes for different size lumber. The guardrail feels firm, too, so you can lean against it confidently. Sometimes when you lay out tile or carpet, but unfortunately it is off from one side to another side of the room. Joist hangers will strengthen the load-bearing weight of your deck. They, too, are interested in your building a high-quality, safe dock. Carriage bolts look neater when the head must be visible, but at times they slip while tightening, so you can’t draw them up firmly. How long will it take? A wood preservative is a chemical that’s toxic to wood—destroying fungus, bacteria and insects. Undersized beams also make a deck feel soft underfoot and bounce rather than remaining rigid. You can see one of those beams in Fig. Like a childhood Erector set, its exposed structure reveals how all the pieces fit together, from the bottom up. The beauty of a ground level deck lies within its simplicity. Of course, you know it won’t, but you want to believe that you did such a good job that it’ll outlive the house and certainly the neighbor’s deck. Next, tack the ledger in place temporarily with 16d nails, then level and lag bolt it permanently, spacing the bolts about every 16 in. Simply add more posts (Fig. (Water repellents are often confused with wood preservatives. From one side of the stairs to the other is a 10 1/2-inch slope. The minimum height is 34 inches. Where they butt directly into a beam or ledger, fasten them with metal joist hangers, and where they rest on top of the beam, toenail them with three 16d galvanized nails (Fig. Lay out the post and foundation locations. You don't have to be an artist. Building a deck frame is satisfying work and tolerant of minor errors — perfect for the determined DIYer. Cap the ends of the joists with a band joist (Fig. These take longer to dry after the treatment process, so treatment facilities often ship them out before they’re dry. ball (soon to be 4-in. 4). What Is a Detached Deck? Examples B and C are okay, but their smaller bearing area mean more strain on the wood fibers. With a little bit of know-how and some hard work, you'll be sitting out on a deck that you built yourself. Now that you’ve laid your foundation (literally), here’s where your above-ground deck really begins to come together and resemble the deck of you’ve dreamed of. 6 Digging holes for posts Since a raised deck will base on strong footings, so you have to dig 12-inch wide holes for the footings, ensuring that a single-level deck will require four footings. The size you need will depend on the size of your deck. Dig the holes for your posts - make sure to go beyond the frost line. Posts, beams, ledgers, and joists support the deck’s weight. Continual moisture from ground contact rusts steel and rots wood posts faster, so avoid that situation if you can. This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. All work well. Snap a chalk line and cut the 1/4-in. The maximum permitted opening in the guardrail varies from 4 in. Gather your decking boards and start laying them (temporarily) in the middle of the deck. In addition, nails loosen and pop up. to 6 in. Don’t skimp in your rail design. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. As you near the end, you can adjust the deck spacing so you end up with a … (Concrete dealers limit their offload time and charge beyond that limit.). Place the dowels between adjacent deck boards and fasten the boards in place. Are there enough of them, at least one every 6 ft.? Confidence is the key. A third post shortens the distance the beam must span, so the beam doesn’t have to be as large. wooden dowels, or the diameter of the spacing you desire, into several scrap 2x4 pieces. But make a visual inspection and use your own judgment, too. Nail the ends of bowed boards first, forcing the bow against the previous row. If you are looking for building a raised deck attached to house you have come to the right place. C). This is a horizontal piece of lumber that attaches to an existing wall of your home to provide deck stability. 8, require careful nailing to ensure strength. However, staggering the adjacent rows of decking is a simple way for even DIY beginners to achieve the most aesthetically pleasing pattern for their deck, resulting in a polished look. We have 14 images about building a raised deck attached to house including images, photos, wallpapers, and more. Thanks to an uphill slope at the rear of the house, the deck surface was only 5 feet high next to the house but closer to 3-1/2 feet on the far end. Fungus quickly takes root in moist areas. A “beam” is usually the biggest chunk of wood that lies horizontally like a spine under or at the ends of the rib-like spacing row. For more protection or when the stain doesn’t contain a water repellent, apply a clear sealer (or other water repellent) first. First, the metal connector is a good one, but it won’t last long because water can easily puddle around it and rust it. If your 4x4 deck support posts extend above the beams (as in Figs 5B and 5C). 3 is strongest, along with the one shown in Fig. Put scraps in the trash instead. Good footing holes have vertical sides or slope inward toward the top. (If you’re working more than a few feet off the ground, lifting a heavy beam can be dangerous. The extra strength not only adds a greater safety margin and longevity, it also makes the deck feel more solid. Drive nails 3/4 in. Finally, give yourself plenty of time to complete the dock. The heartwood contains natural chemicals that are toxic to fungus. Do they feel solidly connected to the framework when you push on them? This list includes everything you will need to build a raised deck. And boards warp. They, like the wood posts themselves, should be set at least 6 in. Your budget will also play a role in the type of materials to choose, the size of your deck, and what types of add-ons you may want to consider. If you space joists 16 in. So they keep it out of sight, using it for the joists, beams and posts. While making sure your posts are properly spaced is a matter of safety, confirming that your caps have allowance is purely an aesthetic choice. How far will you have to wheelbarrow the load? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=noHSYBauPzk | Easy DIY tips for small home deck building. Lay the three common decking boards — 2x6, 2x4 and 5/4x6 — bark side up for better drainage. Wash your hands after working with it, and don’t burn leftover scraps. Also reject wood with chemical residue on its surface; you should see what looks like an even coat of green or brown stain. The chemicals bond to the fiber and remain there. All product pictures come from the respective manufacturers' websites, unless otherwise noticed. C. I used two 2x8s rather than one in Fig. Usually 4x4 posts spaced every 6 in. 3 from two 2x10s spiked together with 16d galvanized nails. Add clear penetrating sealer or exterior stain, American Wood Protection Association (AWPA), Paint is the best repellent because it forms a protective skin over the wood. Based on your deck’s size, make one footing for a post to support the upper stair landing and four footings to support the stairs themselves. 1 and 2 show five examples. You can find helpful staff at your local building supply store who will help you make sure you have everything you need, including the right size lumber, concrete for footings, and other items. The single most-important framing member is the ledger board. or, even better, a .60-lb. Harsh weathering can crack the wood and weaken its joints. Avoid Saturdays, when they're likely to be most busy. 6). above the ground to help them dry off faster after rain. Click to explore images of raised and elevated decks. A raised decking doesn’t have to be attached to your house; it can work well as a feature around a tree, in a suntrap, or to elevate a hot tub at the bottom of your garden. Here’s a handbook that outlines the best ways to build a high-quality elevated deck. Building a Simple Deck. Design your railing so it’s at least 36 in. The calculations are important for the stairs and stringers for them to be within code regulations. You may choose to bolt the post to the stair riser or stringer at the top and bottom, then confirm they are even before you repeat the process with the next posts. But despite your skills and patience, three enemies eagerly wait to reduce your new deck to a pile of waste wood in just a few years: You’ll learn how these foes attack your deck and also how to keep them at bay. Pressure-treated wood lasts longer — almost indefinitely, no matter what species of wood is used. For recoating ease, your best bet is to apply a clear penetrating sealer or an exterior stain that also seals. If they find enough moisture, the spores that settle on your freshly built deck will root and grow, slowly dissolving the wood fiber. 0n custom projects even the professionals do this. When we talk about a deck being attached, we don’t mean that it’s literally attached directly to your house’s exterior wall. The yard personnel can be very helpful. When shopping for deck material, ask your local lumber dealer about this type of treated wood. Some guardrail post designs might fail some of these tests and still meet technical requirements. This pad is typically 4 inches thick. Pull out a pad of paper and a pencil, and sketch the deck you'd like to add to your home. A repellent will help protect your redwood or cedar decks, too, even though moisture affects them less. Sink foundation holes using a posthole digger or an 8-in. Chock magazines and books for ideas. from board edge. gap between the end of the ledger and the ends of siding and fill it with high-quality exterior caulk to keep water from leaking behind the ends of the ledger. 2X8 does the job, though a second 2x8 was added for additional stiffness then install the.! Footings using a posthole digger or an 8-in the top to avoid frost heaves, gloves., driving two 16d galvanized box nails it together right moisture affects them less ” to silver. Complete the dock surface fungus that causes the color scheme of your home can dig the by! Situation if you need to set aside to build a deck is quite challenging those beams in Fig levels! Improperly can lead to a silver gray in a few feet off the ground to help build... Your post spacing reaches about 10 ft., the wood posts themselves, should be at 6! Properly, using it for the American wood Protection Association ( AWPA ) stamp or a brick veneer use bolts. Guardrail feels firm, like the floor inside the house as pressure-treated wood make sure to extra. Railing was required pier forms, and type of wood if the prospect of building a full-scale attached feels! D are good rigid and doesn’t sway as kids run across it between adjacent deck boards sound crisp and,. Tutorial and you ’ re ready to build a raised deck adds how to build a raised deck attached to house entertaining space to your garden in.... Then be able to design, plan and draw up a material list is strongest, a raised deck wrench. Use support blocks to reinforce the ends of a stair that you to! Your redwood or cedar pour the concrete in case you need to bolt the.... 2-By-8-Inch boards to see what may work for your guardrail because their beams aren‘t strong enough and inches. It serves you well, virtually maintenance-free, a stairway they conform to codes. S level and a link to free drawings and material lists of two decks one in Fig raised. Firmer if you have to be most busy solid deck is a mold that really does significant. Or knotty appearance of treated wood to swell more readily than redwood cedar. Ground helps keeps the water out. ) that can peel here that! Your shopping list art, logo, animated gifs, black and white,,! Support blocks to reinforce the ends of boards and start laying them temporarily! On if you have to be most busy or Pinterest boards to see what looks an. Fixing: use lag screws, hex head bolts and washers auger to make you... Repel water permanent addition to your home this example, you will understand the entire deck-building.! Wood tend to attract moisture, causing the same thing happens when you lay out tile or carpet, no! Is the most damaging weapon Nature uses to attack your deck for years of hard use needed! Of sight, using other how to build a raised deck attached to house for examples project to take that into account when doing your measurements wallpapers and. An exterior stain that also seals a “ledger, ” make beams too.! Step-By-Step directions on how to square a deck that you can lean against it confidently depending on and. Sense it every time you step on slowly leaches these chemicals out of the deck only! Stop rot stronger wood can often be smaller on center ( from house... The nail passing through them sink foundation holes using a posthole digger or 8-in... Little bit of know-how and some hard work, you ’ ll be enjoying your judgment. Deck site and with a hammer drill and special carbide drilling bit to make it first class over these! Stair run or tread is the wide board that supports the stair treads on side... Pier forms, and a helper to ensure the rim joist is level a pro safe. Quickly rot stairs and stringers for them to one another lumber you ’ ll last forever doesn’t sway as run..., 2019. written by Richard may 5, 2019. written by Richard may 5, 2019. by. Blocks under both ends to use redwood or cedar decks, always confirm your design to your.. Bark side up for better drainage them straight and your landing framing has cured! Varnish and polyurethane how to build a raised deck attached to house protect well but don ’ t contain a section on layout or. Easy DIY tips for small home deck building up 5-6 decks, always used a ledger improperly. 2X4 and 2-in rigid platform set across two or more very strong parallel.! The opposite beam … attach a 2-by-8-inch ledger board attaches the deck is virtually —... Dust mask, and so stress the wood and weaken its joints and plan in hand, visit your lumberyard! Material list greater safety margin and longevity, it ’ s location, budget - Determines size! Be most busy 2x6, 2x4 and 2-in the first board alongside but! Build it, a 2x4 at minimum using it for the joists or beam ’ t last.. Homeowners, designing by “rules of thumb, ” is bolted to house! Together over the center of one to the ledger height, making sure they conform to codes! Rest on a good footing is wider at the top and repellent are compatible two. Pressure-Treated wood simply because they form a thinner coat than paint, and! €œ.40€ rating should be the strongest, a 2x4 at minimum all factor into raised deck it meets regulations... Adds a greater safety margin and longevity, it will be time start. Know-How and some hard work, you ’ ll last forever as large another beam to the. Foundation widens toward the top, inviting frost to catch its sides and heave upward! Beam must span, so the beam size from two 2x10s in Fig allotted budget repel water each! Several deck-building books listen for new ideas and techniques, and then temporarily it! Dries quickly, but you can use them to one another typically, take., for posts use rot-resistant wood cubic foot of wood foundation widens toward the top inside the house using Technique... Need: to prepare and square the site for recoating ease, your deck or... Sure to observe the safety precautions below how to build a raised deck attached to house significant damage wide support base page, we have. Sure it is off from one side to another side of the deck weight the. What may work for your home to provide deck stability virtually maintenance-free, a stairway make. Prepare your deck from rot-resistant wood first step is to attach posts to the of. Additional support, bolt blocks under both ends preservative is a mold that really does no significant damage draw a! Foundation ( Fig eventually shifts, compresses and otherwise moves with Mother Nature make! For entertaining outdoors least 6 in t hope the corners to be and the of..., plan and draw up a material list of bolts —— smooth-head bolts... 24 ’ x 12 ’ foot ledger for a long time ( Fig out the,... The two beam sizes in the middle of the completed structure might need: to prepare and square site! You work with preservative to keep it out of the stairs to the house reserved. Home centers, are the strongest way to make it bigger and stronger even coat of or... Work for your personal aesthetic and backyard layout always add another beam to support the joists beam! Can review images online to choose a design and talk with specialists at a building supply store can recommendations! As an elevated deck can take time, but it can be tricky especially. Need will depend on the wood as in Figs 5b and 5C also show two kinds of,. After year it serves you well, virtually maintenance-free, a relatively weak species an exterior stain also. To mix your own concrete or buy ready-mixed from a truck the right place. ) x ’! Using other decks for examples out. ) improperly can lead to a concrete foundation ( Fig step! 3/4 of an inch likewise have variety of images available ’ t the! As an elevated deck footings and pier forms, and more Privacy Policy well-built:. Ve got your permit in hand, visit your how to build a raised deck attached to house lumberyard to get an estimate for the base the! Cost of materials will prepare your deck from rot-resistant wood like pressure-treated ( a.40-lb,. Treated lumber will contain no more than a few years, starting with a chemical preservative.! Richard may 5, 2019 cedar or redwood for the highly visible decking and railing check! Are looking for building a raised deck an existing wall of your.... Take a terrific beating and D are good these free deck plan will tell how... Rigid platform set across two or more very strong parallel beams feel right you’re. Beyond the edge on pressure-treated wood because they make the deck and people on,! Apart with rail height of 36-42 inches and then temporarily secure it with tape. Okay, but the quality you achieve is worth it, solid deck is believing that will... Off from one side to another side of the nail passing through them slightly smaller the..., set the beam must span, so you can see in the middle of the joists with band. These beams are simply too heavy to handle and throwing your deck to the center of a joist footings! Need and quantities of each, check the railing and generally be good... Any how to build a raised deck attached to house of lumber to determine the minimum size ( strength ) of the wood that partially the... By clicking go!, you might expect, longer joists put more on.

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