they asked. The cursing of the fig tree is in itself a parable of the cleansing of the temple, which has been recorded by Matthew just prior to this. Lo! Gentiles have been grafted into the tree--that is, by God’s grace been brought into Israel’s New Covenant. When Jesus came calling for repentance and righteousness, they did not want to bow to his authority. Besides, in the early church there was a mixture of Jews and Gentiles. Or neuter tria a primary number; 'three'. Verse 7. The LORD has done this, and it marvelous in our eyes? The builders, then, would be the chief priests, scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees, Romans--all who were trying to build a nation. The theme of these four sections is the teaching of the authoritative Christ that the religious leaders and most of the people had failed to do what God had intended them to do, to be the faithful people of God producing works of righteousness. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things. 20 In the morning, as they went along, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots. The faith that he taught throughout his life was a genuine faith on the power of God and a developed discernment of his will. The fig tree … The point is that the presence of leaves indicates there should be fruit. The passage appears to contain two lessons, the lesson of the cursing of the fig tree being the main message about the religious standing of Israel. Away, in various senses. The second chance: The gardener proposes another solution that might correct the problem to save the tree. Jesus used this to teach a memorable lesson: the tree was cursed not just because it was not bearing fruit, but because it was making a show of life that promised fruit but delivered none. they asked: "And who gave you this authority? Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away. The stone the builders rejected has become of capstone; 63 Bible Verses about Fruit ... Apples Palm Trees Fruit Pomegranates. 19. But the disciples’ response was shallow, wondering how it was done. In fact, a number of Old Testament prophets use the stone image for the Messiah and his kingdom (see Isa. It is about a fig tree which does not produce fruit. The common fig tree, however, whose fruit we use, is a small tree, but with a broad expanse in proportion to its height. …. B. He went to look for fruit on it, but did not find any. Then said he to the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why encumbers it the ground? He answered it with a question. 29 "I will not," he answered, but later he changed his mind and went. Indeed, rejoicing dries up From the sons of men. It would be difficult to imagine how Jesus would tell this story without immediately thinking of the son as himself. The meaning in the story is pretty obvious: God is the landowner, the vineyard is Israel, the tenants are the leaders of the nation, the servants are the prophets, and Jesus is the son. - Darby Bible And when he saw a fig-tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing on it, but leaves only, and said to it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforth for ever. But the pious religious authorities say yes to God in ways that everyone could hear, but inwardly they do not obey his Word. Look! There are four sections to be covered here (although each one could be taken as a unit for study if one has the luxury of time). 8; Dan. They rejected Christ totally, so they were not here looking for proof of his authority. 18, 19). Here is true spiritual blindness. But Mark tells us that there were leaves on the tree, and fig trees produce leaves and figs about the same time--this was early growth. Jesus said to them, I tell you the truth, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you. But the question uncovers a more deep seated problem, their blindness to the revelation of God. The Kingdom Will Be Taken away for Lack of Fruit (21:33-46). Those who claim to be devout must submit to the authority of Christ and bring forth fruit of repentance--a changed life. Fig trees are an excellent fruit tree to grow in your garden, but when your fig tree does not produce figs, it can be frustrating. The lover in the Song of Solomon indicated that winter was past and summer was at hand because "The fig tree putteth forth her green figs" (Song of Solomon 2:11-13). So the study will have to determine the symbolism of the fig tree, and perhaps any symbolism of the mountain that is possibly moved, whether it represents any obstacle or just the mountain. A simple incident! 2). As Jesus approaches the fig tree the first time, Mark says Jesus was hungry and looking for fruit on the tree. In the New Testament we can also see Yeshua using the symbolic fig tree firstly in the calling of Nathanael who was sitting under a fig tree like a true Israelite in John 1:48-50. The builders were the nations, Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, who rejected Israel when they were building their empires--as a builder would toss aside a small stone when building a palace. ;The two kinds of tree most often mentioned in the Bible are the fruit bearing trees, the fig and the olive (Deuteronomy 8:8; Mark 11:1; Mark 11:3; see FIG; OLIVE). Jesus is not only vindicated through his resurrection, but becomes the central figure of the New Covenant of God. A prolonged form of a primary heuro, which heureo is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect to find. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly. - Darby Bible And when he saw a fig-tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing on it, but leaves only, and said to it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforth for ever. Faith is Essential for the Work of the Lord (vv. Otherwise, there was no reason for him to curse a tree that gave him no food. When he reached it, he found nothing but leaves, because it was not the season for figs. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Matthew 21:19 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. 3). Then he said, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things.". Understanding the reasons for a fig tree not producing fruit can make this a little less frustrating. I. The vine dries up And the fig tree fails; The pomegranate, the palm also, and the apple tree, All the trees of the field dry up. Thus, a fig tree with an abundance of leaves should have had fruit on it. - Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none.Some expositors see in this period of three years an allusion to the storied past of Hebrew life, and in the number 3 discern the three marked epochs, each lasting several centuries, of the high priests, judges, and kings. They are released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License . Now to make the lesson clear, Jesus drew upon Psalm 118, with the formula, "Have you never read." 2; Zech. This first episode can be divided into the two parts: the cursing of the tree, and the question of the disciples. Was it from heaven, or from men? A year. The point is that the leaves on the tree advertized that there were figs there as well, but it was a false advertisement. ", 27 So they answered Jesus, "We do not know." Habakkuk 3:17-19 ESV / 36 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. 80:6-16). To seek, search for, desire, require, demand. 17 Though the fig tree does not blossom and there is no fruit on the vines, [though] the product of the olive fails and the fields yield no food, though the flock is cut off from the fold and there are no cattle in the stalls, 18 Yet I will rejoice in the Lord; I will exult in the [victorious] God of my salvation! Their motive is selfish--they want to keep everything and feel no responsibility to the true owner of the vineyard. This teaching harmonizes with the previous account of the cleansing of the temple, and prepares for the messages to come (Matt. For convenience it will be better to take each of the four parts separately and then at the end reiterate the message. By referring to John’s baptism, he was of course referring to John’s entire ministry. They wanted him to submit to them--but they were hypocrites (see chap. Jesus was not refusing to answer their question. Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none. Whoso keepeth the fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that waiteth on his master shall be honoured. In order to understand why CHRIST cursed the fig tree one day, it is necessary to know the custom of the fig tree's growth of leaves and fruit. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically. It grew in Lebanon and was the most beautiful, enduring and So we have two short narrative episodes, and two parables. The leaders refuse to answer. A. What Jesus intended by this acted parable was that those who make a show of being religious but in fact are spiritually barren will be cursed. 30 Then the father went to the other son and said the same thing. And he said to the vinedresser, ‘Look, for three years now I … Apparently a primary word; a year. Behold! B. They should have known because of his works and his words; they should have known because of Old Testament prophecy that said Messiah would die. And the fig-tree was immediately dried up. And immediately the fig-tree withered. This episode is part of a longer section that runs through 22:46, a section that includes all kinds of controversies in the temple courtyard. It is a question of which of the sons went and which did not. He was hungry and so hoping to find some figs on the tree. And the disciples, seeing, marveled, saying, “How immediately has the fig tree dried up!” 21. Jesus had been telling his disciples for months that he was going to be killed by the religious leaders in Jerusalem; now in the temple a few days before Passover he is telling the people and the leaders, albeit in parable form. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Because those entrusted with the vineyard of God had cared for it so badly, and then killed the son, the responsibility of leading God’s program would be given to another people who would produce righteousness. The early figs are edible, but not as good as the figs that are harvested in June. And presently the fig tree withered away. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc. Then, in verse 43, Jesus further explains the parable. With these added pieces of information, we can understand that Jesus' cursing of the fig tree was reasonable and an example for us. Immediately the tree withered. IV. They wanted to destroy him. The warning is clearly for people to heed; but the way it is presented is indirect. Where symbolism is involved Israel is symbolized by an olive tree. In order that, so that. The first episode is the cursing of the fig tree because it had no fruit on it (21:18-22), and then the second is a challenge to Jesus’ authority (21:23-27); this is followed by two parables, the parable of the two sons (21:28-32), and the parable of the tenants (21:33-46). Psalm 118 was probably written after the exile when the Hebrews finally could return to their land and worship once again. They were not righteous--they were self-righteous, and that is not the same at all. They, like the fig tree, made all the appearances of being spiritual and devout, but they showed no signs of repentance and no acts of righteousness. 22 If you believe, you will receive whatever you as for in prayer.". Later he curses the fruitless fig tree, representing unfruitfulness (Mark 11:12-21), and then uses the fig as a metaphor of how we should recognise the signs of the times (Matthew 24:32). There was nothing but leaves. Sinners like tax collectors and prostitutes, considered the scum of society, had lived lives that refused to obey God--but they repented at the preaching of John and will have a share in the kingdom. 7 So he said to the keeper of the vineyard, ‘Look, for the past three years I have come to search for fruit on this fig tree and haven’t found any. These are the prophets that the Lord sent to Israel to see if they were producing fruits of righteousness. Importantly, Mark notes that this was not the season for figs, so it was not surprising that the tree was without fruit. 21 Peter remembered and said to Jesus, “Rabbi, look! Our Lord's cursing the fig-tree near Bethany ( Mark 11:13) has occasioned much perplexity from the circumstance, as mentioned by the evangelist, that "the time of figs was not yet." And it was common knowledge in Jesus’ time that if you saw leaves on a fig tree, you could also expect fruit unless the tree was barren. Here is no exception. Therefore, then. Their praise is essentially that the stone that the builders had rejected had now become central to God’s building program. We are presently dealing with chapter 21 as a unit since it is concerned with bearing fruit as obedience to do the will of God. Then he said to the tree, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again.” (Mark 11:12-14) Dr Ross joined the faculty of Beeson Divinity School in 2002 as Beeson Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew. 37 Last of all, he sent his son to them; "They will respect my son," he said. Luke 3:9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. They had authority to make the decisions about the religious and civic affairs of the people. Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe. Because Jesus meant that the fig tree without fruit represented hypocritical religious people, the cursing anticipated their judgment. Then said he unto the vinedresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbers it the ground? He answered, "I will sir," but he did not go. When the tree produces fruit in the spring, it occurs before the leaves flourish ( in Israel). They really did not want to know if there was authority given to him--they were more interested in stifling his teachings, healing, and powerful works. The passage is authentic and belongs in this place in the argument of the book. Those religious leaders will not enter the kingdom. There are several things that the student of the Scriptures needs to address in this little section. 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