01 - The Self from Various Perspective PHILOSOPHY Comes from two Greek words philos which means “love” and sophia which means “wisdom” In essence it can be translated to love of knowledge or passion for learning. For instance, in metaphysics, the self has been seen as the starting point of inquiry (both in the empiricist and rationalist traditions) or as the entity whose investigation is most deserving and challenging (Socratic philosophy). The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. Follet, Munsterberg and Mayo are mostly known for behavioral- science approach theory. Vol 5: African Philosophy, ed G. Floistad (Dordrecht: Nijhoff, 1987) pg. 91, Kwame Gyekye Person and community in African thought Reading in contemporary African Philosophy, ed Dr P Mungwini, Dr MLJ Koeane, Mr ESN Mkhwanazi (UNISA: Pretoria, 2012) pg. It primarily aims to achieve the first course outcome: articulate a holistic and comprehensive view of the self. When a child is born, he, has no self, i.e. APA MLA Harvard Chicago ASA IEEE AMA Compare and Contrast the Different Perspective on the Self… Save time and let our verified experts help you. Personhood. ” (8b) Conclusion After colonialism Africa provided descriptions on what a person is in the African context but the authentic descriptions were lost in order to compensate for Aristotle's "man is a rational animal". However personhood is something you may achieve making some more person than others on fulfilment of one's obligations to self, household and to community. 30. It unified African educated philosophers and created a second tier by adding the word "hood" to "person". Gyekye insists “the okra and sunsum are immaterial substances and they survive death as a "spiritual unity"(2b) where Wiredu suggests sunsum is not an entity but a manner of being, which perishes at death. The Killing Circle: The Deferent Perspectives on Peoples Feelings Everyday around the world many terrible, and tragic crimes take place were not everyone Is aware of every single crime. The Cognitive Perspective. * Individual appearance. - believed that the soul is divided into 3 different parts that has different views, leading to different behaviors 1. appetitive soul – the part of the person that is driven by desire and need to satisfy oneself. Start studying THE SELF FROM VARIOUS PERSPECTIVES (PSYCHOLOGY). The self is an individual person as the object of its own reflective consciousness.Since the self is a reference by a subject to the same subject, this reference is necessarily subjective.The sense of having a self—or self-hood—should, however, not be confused with subjectivity itself. The child realizes that they exist as a separate entity from others and … The Akan’s perception of okra is regarded as the active life principle supplied by the deity, as well as the bearer of destiny, where the Yoruba’s emi, which is the equivalent of okra, is not the bearer of destiny. Walking, especially in the quiet of nature, can be useful in building self-awareness. It is said that adolescence is the most turbulent stage of life for every individual. • This means that the real man is the “idea of a man”, the intellectual aspect of self which he also called “soul”, while … ” Nature The Akan philosophers Wiredu and Gyekye agree the okra (soul) is the innermost self of the person, but disagree whether the nature of the okra is a material or immaterial substance. Tempels agrees that “this concept of separate beings, of substance... hich find themselves side by side, entirely independent one of another, is foreign to Bantu thought. " 7) For Geykye “a human person is a being who has a moral sense and is capable of making moral judgements” (8a) and does not agree with the personhood debate because “what the individual would be striving for in all his/her exertions is some social status, not personhood. What elements constitute being a person? John F. Kennedy This speech was delivered by John F Kennedy at his inauguration in Washington on January 20 1961. In ethics and political philosophy, the self … Dr. A. Rubbens (Elizabethville: Lovania, 1945), pg. By enabling an interdisciplinary discourse among prominent experts in various fields of contemporary science … * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self. In order to engage in this process of “self,” an individual has to be able to view him … Published in: … a different perspective. Wiredu insist the okra is different from the Western philosophy’s perceived soul, because to the West the term soul refers to "a purely immaterial entity that somehow inhabits the body. When there‟s a traffic accident, police ask for witnesses to come forward to describe what happened. Having distanced the self from all sources of truth from authority and tradition, the self can only find its truth and authenticity within its own capacity to think. jectRESEARCH METHODLOGY Area: Rights of women in India Topic: A Theoretical Perspective on Dowry Deaths in India Objectives: a) To understand the concept of dowry as has originated and evolved. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. "The fact that I am doubting, cannot be anymore open to doubt." PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. 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Sigmund Freud. To another person, the self of one individual is exhibited in the conduct and discourse of that individual. Within any meeting of people all the individuals will of course have their own belief system, and will therefore have different perspectives - see and think about things differently - and this will affect the way these individuals interact with each other. John S. Mbiti Ethnic Groups, Kinship ; the Individual African Religions and Philosophy, 2nd edition, ed. The okra, by contrast, is quasi-physical. " In order to see things in a different light there are a few skills we need to develop: perspective-taking and perspective-seeking. (2016, Dec 01). Image: Sigmund Freud (binary/octet-stream) >The self is … The term was likely instituted by Pythagoras (c. 570– 495 BCE). It is easy to enjoy relating to all kinds of people, however, … https://phdessay.com/compare-and-contrast-the-different-perspective-on-the-self/, A Theoretical Perspective on Dowry Deaths in India, Different Perspectives of People’s Feelings, Architectural Textbook on How to Draw Perspective, Kwasi Wiredu The concept of mind with particular reference to the language and thought of the Akan Contemporary Philosophy: A new survey. The aim of the Perspectives on the Self lecture series is to thus provide an objective overview of the evolving notion, construct, and experience of the Self, without losing sight of the subjective value that makes these matters so vital to each of us. Self psychology is a relatively new theory within the field of psychoanalysis. The words of John F. Kennedy, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country" (3) sums up the road to personhood. The words of John F. Kennedy’s inauguration speech stress the essence of African culture as it emphasises the role which the community plays in order for a person to be able to define him-/herself. The present versus future self. Later, George Herbert Mead (1863–1931) studied the self, a person’s distinct identity that is developed through social interaction. * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality. In this essay I will compare and contrast the different perspectives of self, person and personhood from various cultures across Africa, answering the age-old questions within metaphysics as well as philosophy: “What is a person? Consider two different models of child psychology. 1 BatHroom projects Bathroom-Tile Design By Lynn Hopkins W alk into a tile showroom, and you may be overwhelmed by the sheer number of colors, materials, finishes, and sizes available.. The self that has full competence in the powers of human reason. Follow Published on Aug 19, 2018. John S Mbiti (Oxford: Heineman, 1989), pg. Perspectives on the Self. LISTEN on Podcast, click HERE. The mind … First, it is important to identify. At the foundation of all human behavior is the self—our sense of personal identity and of who we are as individuals.Because an understanding of the self is so important, it has been studied for many years by psychologists (James, 1890; Mead, 1934) and is still one of the most important and most researched topics in social psychology (Dweck & Grant, 2008; Taylor & Sherman, 2008). number: 206095338. Listen to the Audio ... Descartes declares that the essential self—the self as thinking entity—is radically different than the self as physical body. Compare and Contrast the Different Perspective on the Self. Accepting that others are vital to our self-perception is a corrective to the limitations of the Cartesian view. PHILOSOPHY - study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially in an academic discipline. 98. The English language creates translation issues because it is unable to effectively define African concepts as passed down amongst generations. Whether. 58. Perspectives: Self Psychology by William A. Kelly, MD. (5) Human being Kagame claims that humans beings are complete animals "from the moment he exist in his mother's womb", "when a name has been given" or “ from the moment he puts reason to good use” (6) but for Wiredu everyone is born a person. Father Placide Temples Bantu Philosophy "La Philosophie Bantoue", ed. Throughout childhood and adolescence, the self-concept becomes more abstract and complex … Haven’t found the relevant content? The self is socially constructed in the sense that it is shaped through interaction with other people. Hire a subject expert to help you with Compare and Contrast the Different Perspective on the Self, Principle of life The sunsum as the "activating principle" and okra as the "principle of life" is unclear. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/compare-and-contrast-the-different-perspective-on-the-self/, Compare and Contrast the Different Perspective on the Self. This is for educational purposes only, I really hope this helps. The Yoruba’s ori, like the okra, is the determinant of personality, where the emi is the active principal of life. Cognitive psychology is the school of psychology that examines … In a traffic accident, there will be many different perspectives on what happened. 106. He is simply part of the whole", and describes a social-centric view of personhood in which society creates the individual. Trait Perspective. Importantly, because these different sub-selves have different goals, they may often be in conflict and different situations will activate them in different ways. PLATO’S VIEW OF SELF • The self is fundamentally an intellectual entity whose nature exists independent from the physical world. The Self is defined as a subject that thinks. The particular characteristics of the self determine its identity. Hire a subject expert to help you with Compare and Contrast the Different Perspective on the Self. Ostensibly, this sense is directed outward from the subject to refer inward, back to its "self" (or itself). THE SELF FROM. They like to have as many witness statements as possible, so they can build up a broader picture and a more realistic version of events. Share; Like; Download ... Joebren Herrera, RPm, Self-Employed Consultant. Make people … 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. The Self: from Various Philosophical Perspective Group 1: Pre-Socratic Early Modern Contemporary Alvarez, Abigail Año, John Carlo Aquino, Andrew Bautista, Christian Glenn Buena,Mark Patrick Buenaventura, Juan Carlo Capricho, Shaine Caslangen,Mary Anne 700 BC 2000 Modern Medieval The Original Question is: What are Eastern and Western perspectives about self? Analyze each person’s personality. Scholars Cite this page. The Place of the Self . The trait perspective of personality is centered on identifying, describing, … It is the investigation of normal and fundamental issues. This is a very controversial subject to go through, but I'll do my best to make it short. The name was chosen because of gradual recognition that the difficulties some people experience have to do with self-esteem regulation and maintenance of a solid sense of self in time and space, often referred to as self … THE SELF from Various Philosophical Perspectives Lecture 1 in UNDERSTANDING THE SELF Prepared by Prof. Ronuel L. del Rosario 2. A person's self-concept is their understanding of who they are and what makes them unique. This chapter presents the different perspectives of the self, namely: philosophical, psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives. $35.80 for a 2-page paper. - a particular theory that someone has about how to live or how to deal with a particular situation. In order to stimulate customer repeated purchase behaviour, Marriott Hotel restaurant should design strategies to enhance customer perceptions of the value of a service. However their actions shouldn’t be based solely on one perspective, the general public or their employees respectively. A person may have numerous views of himself. Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. Hire verified expert. 161, Kwame Gyekye Concept of a person An essay on African philosophical thought, revise,d edition, ed Kwane Gyekye (Temple university press, Philadelphia, 1995) pg. 86,87, Kwame Gyekye Concept of a person An essay on African philosophical thought, revise,d edition, ed Kwane Gyekye (Temple university press, Philadelphia, 1995) pg. VARIOUS PERSPECTIVES PREPARED BY: JOANA MARIE BARIL ROSALINDA MARASIGAN LESSON 2 FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF SOCIOLOGY Sociology… One of the disciplines in the social sciences which aims to discover the ways by which the social surrounding/ environment influences people’s thoughts, feelings and behavior. No matter how many different perceptions you have on yourself, still, there is one perception that facilitates all of … From a classical sociological perspective, the self is a relatively stable set of perceptions of who we are in relation to ourselves, others, and to social systems. This is 'the most basic part of the self-scheme or self-concept; the sense of being separate and distinct from others and the awareness of the constancy of the self' (Bee, 1992). He asserted that people’s self understanding is constructed, in part, by their perception of how others view them—a process termed “the looking glass self” (Cooley 1902). (1) The okra for Gyekye has the same concept of a soul as in other metaphysical systems and proclaims that "a crucial aspect of Akan metaphysics is the existence of the world of spirits” (2a). 3.4 Descartes’s Modern Perspective on the Self. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 29, Kwame Gyekye Person and community in African thought Reading in contemporary African Philosophy, ed Dr P Mungwini, Dr MLJ Koeane, Mr ESN Mkhwanazi (UNISA: Pretoria, 2012) pg. Alex Kagame The Shadow Thesis Reading in contemporary African Philosophy, ed Dr P Mungwini, Dr MLJ Koeane, Mr ESN Mkhwanazi (UNISA: Pretoria, 2012) pg. They are more focused on the human and psychological factors, which are likely to affect the workers. he has no consciousness, of itself or of others. He may think that he is kind, patient, loving and caring, or selfish, cruel, rude and stubborn. ; and “Could one be a person without personhood? We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. That's an interesting topic and amazingly no one answered. Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg philosophical branches another can! 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