God’s Supreme Revelation. 1 God, who at various times and # Num. There are many other ways that angels minister to the people of God, but the key point is that our Lord uses these beings for our benefit. the world--subject to Christ ( Hebrews 2:5 ). The "I" in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, "the first-begotten of the dead" ( Colossians 1:18 , Revelation 1:5 ). All rights reserved. . . as . We never can be thankful enough that God has in so many ways, and with such increasing clearness, spoken to us fallen sinners concerning salvation. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 2 But in these last days, he has spoken to us in his Son. thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. We see in this Scripture above that God the Father called Jesus, God. 14. ministering spirits--referring to Hebrews 1:7 , "spirits . For proofs of Paul being the author, see my Introduction. The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hebrews 13:19). Hebrews 1:1-14 . brightness of his glory--Greek, the effulgence of His glory. THE BOOK OF HEBREWS (Hebrews 1:1-2:18) CHRIST IS BETTER THAN ANGELS; CHRIST IS PREFERRED ABOVE ANGELS; BOTH IN PERSON AND IN OFFICE. "Christ is preached even in passages where many might contend that the Father was principally intended" [BENGEL]. Hebrews 1. iniquity--"unnrighteousness." 1. at sundry times--Greek, "in many portions." 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom he made the universe. therefore--because God loves righteousness and hates iniquity. Bible Verse; Newest; Oldest; Most Viewed; Most Shared; Sermon. In Christ, the revelation of God is full, not in shifting hues of separated color, but Himself the pure light, uniting in His one person the whole spectrum ( Hebrews 1:3 ). 1. 6. Proud member Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Hebrews 1. All appellations are but fragments of its glory beams united in it as in a central sun, Revelation 19:12 . Hebrews 1:1-4. a sceptre of righteousness--literally, "a rod of rectitude," or "straightforwardness." . The date must have been while the temple was yet standing, before its destruction, A.D. 70; some time before the martyrdom of Peter, who mentions this Epistle of Paul ( 2 Peter 3:15 2 Peter 3:16 ); at a time when many of the first hearers of the Lord were dead. Sin has made a great change in the world for the worse, and Christ will make a great change in it for the better. 1. In the Psalms 104:3 Psalms 104:4 , the subject in each clause comes first, and the attribute predicated of it second; so the Greek article here marks "angels" and "ministers" as the subjects, and "winds" and "flame of fire," predicates, Schemoth Rabba says, "God is called God of Zebaoth (the heavenly hosts), because He does what He pleases with His angels. So the superiority of the Son of God to angels is shown. His love is so great that He sends powerful creatures to minister to us in ways that we are not even aware of at times. He Made Purification of Sins Maundy Thursday. This is an important point for several … Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4. Hebrews 1:13–14. English Version is correct (compare Matthew 5:33 ; Greek, John 12:39 ). So Psalms 18:10 , "a cherub . Israel, in the Babylonian captivity, in the hundred second Psalm, casts her hopes of deliverance on Messiah, the unchanging covenant God of Israel. Only as Man he has his fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but he is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth. Those who hunger for the truth of His inspired Word will be helped and encouraged by the insights this commentary offers in understanding, appreciating, and applying the eternal message of this inspired book of the Scriptures. [ a] But you are ( V)the same, and your years will have no end.”. (4-14). Scripture: Hebrews 1:1–4. 5 Ibid. Hebrews 1:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 1:3, NIV: "The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word.After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven." by--Greek, "in." by Ray C. Stedman. The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. fold them up--So the Septuagint, Psalms 102:26 ; but the Hebrew, "change them." Noté /5. The Lord Christ had the original right to govern the world, because he made the world in the beginning. Thus He is antitype to Solomon, "chosen of all David's many sons to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel," even as His father David was chosen before all the house of his father's sons. . The glory of His person and nature, gave to his sufferings such merit as was a full satisfaction to the honour of God, who suffered an infinite injury and affront by the sins of men. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 1:1-9 (Hebrews 1:1) In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, The heavens declare the glory of God without words (see Psalm 19). 4. KIMCHI says that the ninety-third through the hundred first Psalms contain in them the mystery of Messiah. It celebrates the birth of the baby Jesus. The same in nature, therefore in covenant faithfulness to Thy people. God . From the glory of the person and office of Christ, we proceed to the glory of his grace. John Piper Mar 31, 1996 361 Shares Sermon. Another passage of Scripture, Psalm 12:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty power of the Lord Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in changing it. The image is taken from the custom of conquerors putting the feet on the necks of the conquered ( Joshua 10:24 Joshua 10:25 ). Mar 31, 1996. Chapter 6. laid the foundation of--"firmly founded" is included in the idea of the Greek. English Version, "maketh His angels spirits," means, He maketh them of a subtle, incorporeal nature, swift as the wind. 3 He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature, upholding the universe by his word of power. The oldest manuscripts prefix "and" (compare Esther 4:11 ). express image--"impress." Recipients, Author and Time of Writing. Hebrews 4:1 Commentaries: Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have come short of it. The Spirit, by Paul, treats the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with independence of handling, presenting the divine truth in various aspects; sometimes as here sanctioning the Septuagint (compare Isaiah 34:4 , Revelation 6:14 ); sometimes the Hebrew; sometimes varying from both. God ruled the theocracy in and through Him. They could not … "At the last part of these days." "Light of (from) light" [Nicene Creed]. He had been always Son, but now first was manifested as such in His once humbled, now exalted manhood united to His Godhead. In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. Outline: I. Christ is God’s revelation to the world (1-4) II. Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4 [5-12] View Bible Text . Updated: Fri, 05/01/2020 - 15:01 By admin. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission. worlds--the inferior and the superior worlds ( Colossians 1:16 ). So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). . the antitype to Solomon, son of David. 12. vesture--Greek, "an enwrapping cloak." And--Greek, "But." 9. Hebrews 1:14 , "ministering spirits," favors English Version here. "Better," that is, superior to. There are no apologetics, no hint of … Let us not then set our hearts upon that which is not what we take it to be, and will not be what it now is. angels were designed by God to be subject to Him. In the Pauline method, the statement of subject and the division are put before the discussion; and at the close, the practical follows the doctrinal portion. O God--the Greek has the article to mark emphasis ( Psalms 45:6 Psalms 45:7 ). Angels' ministrations are not properly rendered to men, since the latter have no power of commanding them, though their ministrations to God are often directed to the good of men. CHAPTER 1. In Deuteronomy 32:43 , the Septuagint has, "Let all the angels of God worship Him," words not now found in the Hebrew. It is because He is the brightness, &c., and because He upholds, &c., that He sat down on the right hand, &c. It was a return to His divine glory ( John 6:62 , 17:5 ; compare Wisdom 7:25,26, where similar things are said of wisdom). In this, Jesus is superior to the *angels. [ATHANASIUS, Against Arius, Orations, 2]. Verses 1 and 2 explain that God spoke through prophets in the past, and speaks now through Jesus Christ. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Background of the Book. The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ().For proofs of Paul being the author, see … "The fulness of the glory of the peculiar name "the Son of God," is unattainable by human speech or thought. Let the thoughts of this make us watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. "Commissions them to assume the agency or form of flames for His purposes" [ALFORD]. 2. in these last days--In the oldest manuscripts the Greek is. in the beginning--English Version, Psalms 102:25 , "of old": Hebrew, "before," "aforetime." When Jesus came into this world, he became for a little time lower than the *angels. changed--as one lays aside a garment to put on another. Compare 1 Timothy 3:16 , "seen of angels"; God manifesting Messiah as one to be gazed at with adoring love by heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 3:10 , 2 Thessalonians 1:9 2 Thessalonians 1:10 , 1 Peter 3:22 ). John Piper Apr 4, 1996 42 Shares Sermon. Chapter 9. Book Overview - Hebrews by Arend Remmers. Christ is exalted above the angels (5-14) I. Verses 1-4. © 2021 Christianity.com. There have many attempts to deduce the author of this book, yet nothing definitive. 12:6, 8; Joel 2:28 in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 # John 1:14 who being the brightness of His glory and the express # 2 Cor. remainest--through (so the Greek) all changes. James. Thus he answers the Jewish objection drawn from their prophets. Philemon. When, on the fall of man, the world was breaking to pieces under the wrath and curse of God, the Son of God, undertaking the work of redemption, sustained it by his almighty power and goodness. The second lesson for today reminds us, however — as does the Gospel text — that the nativity is set within a larger story of mind-boggling scope. Hebrews 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the books most valued by expositors of the New Testament. Chapter 11. Heb 1:1-14.T HE H IGHEST OF A LL R EVELATIONS I S G IVEN U S N OW IN THE S ON OF G OD, W HO I S G REATER THAN THE A NGELS, AND W HO, H AVING C OMPLETED R EDEMPTION, S ITS E NTHRONED AT G OD'S R IGHT H AND.. So Matthew, a Jew writing especially for Jews, quotes Scripture, not by the formula, "It is written," but "said," &c. in time past--From Malachi, the last of the Old Testament prophets, for four hundred years, there had arisen no prophet, in order that the Son might be the more an object of expectation [BENGEL]. for them--Greek, "on account of the." Chapter 1. As the first begotten, He is heir of the universe ( Hebrews 1:6 ), which He made instrumentally, Hebrews 11:3 , where "by the Word of God" answers to "by whom"' (the Son of God) here ( John 1:3 ). 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