They "stand" ( Luke 1:19 ) before God, or are "sent forth" to execute the divine commands on behalf of them whom He pleases to save; He "sits on the right hand of the Majesty on high" ( Hebrews 1:3 Hebrews 1:13 ). as . The anointing here meant is not that at His baptism, when He solemnly entered on His ministry for us; but that with the "oil of gladness," or "exulting joy" (which denotes a triumph, and follows as the consequence of His manifested love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity), wherewith, after His triumphant completion of His work, He has been anointed by the Father above His fellows (not only above us, His fellow men, the adopted members of God's family. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ's being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. For--substantiating His having "obtained a more excellent name than the angels." The forty-fifth Psalm in its first meaning was addressed to Solomon; but the Holy Spirit inspired the writer to use language which in its fulness can only apply to the antitypical Solomon, the true Royal Head of the theocracy. Now the excellency of the gospel revelation above the former consists in two things:—1. Hebrews 1:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 1:3, NIV: "The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word.After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven." unto which--A frequent argument in this Epistle is derived from the silence of Scripture ( Hebrews 1:13 , Hebrews 2:16 , Hebrews 7:3 Hebrews 7:14 ) [BENGEL]. The "I" in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, "the first-begotten of the dead" ( Colossians 1:18 , Revelation 1:5 ). All was not revealed to each one prophet; but one received one portion of revelation, and another another. 12:6, 8; Joel 2:28 in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 # John 1:14 who being the brightness of His glory and the express # 2 Cor. Some oldest manuscripts read, "lawlessness." So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). for them--Greek, "on account of the." Another passage of Scripture, Psalm 12:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty power of the Lord Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in changing it. For proofs of Paul being the author, see my Introduction. The Spirit, by Paul, treats the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with independence of handling, presenting the divine truth in various aspects; sometimes as here sanctioning the Septuagint (compare Isaiah 34:4 , Revelation 6:14 ); sometimes the Hebrew; sometimes varying from both. Of … © 2021 Christianity.com. So Psalms 18:10 , "a cherub . His right, as Mediator, was by commission from the Father. The "bringing the first-begotten into the world" ( Hebrews 1:6 ), is not subsequent, as ALFORD thinks, to Hebrews 1:5 , but anterior to it (compare Acts 2:30-35 ). They "all," how ever various their ranks, "minister"; He is ministered to. In the Greek, "again" is transposed; but this does not oblige us, as ALFORD thinks, to translate, "when He again shall have introduced," &c. namely, at Christ's second coming; for there is no previous mention of a first bringing in; and "again" is often used in quotations, not to be joined with the verb, but parenthetically ("that I may again quote Scripture"). They could not … Volume 1 covers Hebrews chapters 1-8. . Each only knew in part; but when that which was perfect came in Messiah, that which was in part was done away ( 1 Corinthians 13:12 ). 5. English Version is correct (compare Matthew 5:33 ; Greek, John 12:39 ). . The Psalm here quoted applied primarily in a less full sense to Solomon, of whom God promised by Nathan to David. In These Last Days, God Has Spoken by a Son Palm Sunday. It is because He is the brightness, &c., and because He upholds, &c., that He sat down on the right hand, &c. It was a return to His divine glory ( John 6:62 , 17:5 ; compare Wisdom 7:25,26, where similar things are said of wisdom). For when has one seen light without effulgence?" . He Sat Down at the … Christ will fold up this world as a garment, not to be abused any longer, not to be used as it has been. KIMCHI says that the ninety-third through the hundred first Psalms contain in them the mystery of Messiah. Chapter 9. Introduction to Hebrews. the world--subject to Christ ( Hebrews 2:5 ). "I will be his father and he shall be my son." Here is the office of the angels; they are God's ministers or servants, to do his pleasure. 12. vesture--Greek, "an enwrapping cloak." What does Hebrews 1:1 mean? Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. PREVIOUS NEXT. Christ shall go on conquering and to conquer. Israel, in the Babylonian captivity, in the hundred second Psalm, casts her hopes of deliverance on Messiah, the unchanging covenant God of Israel. Hebrews 1:13–14. The Epistle to the Hebrews. "Worship Him all ye gods" ("gods," that is, exalted beings, as angels), refers to God; but it was universally admitted among the Hebrews that God would dwell, in a peculiar sense, in Messiah (so as to be in the Talmud phrase, "capable of being pointed to with the finger"); and so what was said of God was true of, and to be fulfilled in, Messiah. They are incorporeal spirits, as God is, but ministering to Him as inferiors. Chapter 13. Chapter 3. God gave his name great honour when he raised him from the dead. Book List. Salem Media Group. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The same in nature, therefore in covenant faithfulness to Thy people. The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. Philemon. "Light of (from) light" [Nicene Creed]. by his Son--Greek, "IN (His) Son" ( John 14:10 ). When Jesus came into this world, he became for a little time lower than the *angels. The most exalted angels are but ministering spirits, mere servants of Christ, to execute his commands. Christmas is the Festival of the Incarnation. But they shall be made his footstool, by humble submission, or by utter destruction. The Hebrews believe that the law from God came by *angels. He decided that everything should belong to his Son. laid the foundation of--"firmly founded" is included in the idea of the Greek. O God--the Greek has the article to mark emphasis ( Psalms 45:6 Psalms 45:7 ). 9. There are many other ways that angels minister to the people of God, but the key point is that our Lord uses these beings for our benefit. As the first begotten, He is heir of the universe ( Hebrews 1:6 ), which He made instrumentally, Hebrews 11:3 , where "by the Word of God" answers to "by whom"' (the Son of God) here ( John 1:3 ). As "being" ( Hebrews 1:3 ) expresses His essential being so "being made" ( Hebrews 7:26 ) marks what He became in His assumed manhood ( Philippians 2:6-9 ). The letter is primarily written to Jewish believers, who placed great importance on the prophets of the Old Testament. The Jews of former days ( 1 Corinthians 10:1 ). . Only as Man he has his fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but he is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth. "Perish" does not mean annihilation; just as it did not mean so in the case of "the world that being overflowed with water, perished" under Noah ( 2 Peter 3:6 ). Christ was "appointed" (in God's eternal counsel) to creation as an office; and the universe so created was assigned to Him as a kingdom. thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. 1. It celebrates the birth of the baby Jesus. 1 God, who at various times and # Num. (4-14). 1 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by [his] Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. It is declared how Christ was qualified for the office of Mediator, and how he was confirmed in it: he has the name Messiah from his being anointed. Being made . Hebrews 1 Resources. spirits--or "winds": Who employeth His angels as the winds, His ministers as the lightnings; or, He maketh His angelic ministers the directing powers of winds and flames, when these latter are required to perform His will. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Hebrews. The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. There are no apologetics, no hint of … CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission. 11. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Hebrews - Charles Swindoll - Chart on right . THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. in divers manners--for example, internal suggestions, audible voices, the Urim and Thummim, dreams, and visions. Compare 1 Timothy 3:16 , "seen of angels"; God manifesting Messiah as one to be gazed at with adoring love by heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 3:10 , 2 Thessalonians 1:9 2 Thessalonians 1:10 , 1 Peter 3:22 ). 2 But in these last days, he has spoken to us in his Son. God . The Septuagint, "in the beginning" (as in Genesis 1:1 ) answers by contrast to the end implied in "They shall perish," &c. The Greek order here (not in the Septuagint) is, "Thou in the beginning, O Lord," which throws the "Lord" into emphasis. Book Overview - Hebrews by Arend Remmers. The glory of His person and nature, gave to his sufferings such merit as was a full satisfaction to the honour of God, who suffered an infinite injury and affront by the sins of men. In the beginning, God made the whole world and everything that there is. Christ is exalted above the angels (5-14) I. Verses 1-4. . The Epistle to the Hebrews is one of the most beautiful ones of the NT. The promise to Abraham that he should be heir of the world had its fulfilment, and will have it still more fully, in Christ ( Romans 4:13 , Galatians 3:16 , 4:7 ). brightness of his glory--Greek, the effulgence of His glory. 10. This power … The Epistle to the Hebrews. for ever . Updated: Fri, 10/02/2020 - 10:01 By admin. 2. in these last days--In the oldest manuscripts the Greek is. The fullest realization of His Lordship shall be at His second coming ( Psalms 97:7 , 1 Corinthians 15:24 1 Corinthians 15:25 , Philippians 2:9 ). So it shall be after the perishing by fire ( 2 Peter 3:12 2 Peter 3:13 ). 5 Ibid. We see in this Scripture above that God the Father called Jesus, God. And let us own and honour him as God; for if he had not been God, he had never done the Mediator's work, and had never worn the Mediator's crown. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. . For proofs of Paul being the author, see my Introduction. This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . The translation, "maketh winds His messengers, and a flame of fire His ministers (! But, how much greater things are said of Christ by the Father! Let the thoughts of this make us watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. There have many attempts to deduce the author of this book, yet nothing definitive. So Matthew, a Jew writing especially for Jews, quotes Scripture, not by the formula, "It is written," but "said," &c. in time past--From Malachi, the last of the Old Testament prophets, for four hundred years, there had arisen no prophet, in order that the Son might be the more an object of expectation [BENGEL]. Hebrews 1:1-4. Chapter 12 . All rights reserved. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. Hebrews 1 - God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, He spoke many times and in many different ways. God, &c. — After the manner of the best writers, the apostle begins this most instructive epistle with proposing the subjects of which he is about to discourse; namely, four important facts, on which the authority of the gospel, as a revelation from God, is built; and which, if well established, should induce unbelievers, whether Jews or Gentiles, to renounce their infidelity and embrace the gospel. Let us not then set our hearts upon that which is not what we take it to be, and will not be what it now is. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Paul shows that His humbled form (at which the Jews might stumble) is no objection to His divine Messiahship. First, In creating the world (Hebrews 1:10): And thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands. He Made Purification of Sins Maundy Thursday. (Compare Numbers 12:6-8 ). To Noah the quarter of the world to which Messiah should belong was revealed; to Abraham, the nation; to Jacob, the tribe; to David and Isaiah, the family; to Micah, the town of nativity; to Daniel, the exact time; to Malachi, the coming of His forerunner, and His second advent; through Jonah, His burial and resurrection; through Isaiah and Hosea, His resurrection. God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners. A name that no than knew but He Himself.". 6 William L. Lane, Word Biblical Commentary Vol. Commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14 (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. The Saviour has done much to make all men his friends, yet he has enemies. God’s Supreme Revelation. In the Pauline method, the statement of subject and the division are put before the discussion; and at the close, the practical follows the doctrinal portion. "The fulness of the glory of the peculiar name "the Son of God," is unattainable by human speech or thought. The communication of the divine essence in its fulness, involves eternal generation; for the divine essence has no beginning. 13. The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into possession. . When, on the fall of man, the world was breaking to pieces under the wrath and curse of God, the Son of God, undertaking the work of redemption, sustained it by his almighty power and goodness. The surpassing dignity of the Son of God in his Divine person, and in his creating and mediatorial work. As the law was given by the ministration of angels and Moses, it was inferior to the Gospel given by the divine Son, who both is ( Hebrews 1:4-14 ) as God, and has been made, as the exalted Son of man ( Hebrews 2:5-18 ), much better than the angels. They--The earth and the heavens in their present state and form "shall perish" ( Hebrews 12:26 Hebrews 12:27 , 2 Peter 3:13 ). the antitype to Solomon, son of David. 1. THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. "Better," that is, superior to. changed--as one lays aside a garment to put on another. God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by Divine influences on the minds of the prophets. "The sun is never seen without effulgence, nor the Father without the Son" [THEOPHYLACT]. John Piper Mar 31, 1996 361 Shares Sermon. His right, as God with the Father, was absolute, resulting from his creating power. express image--"impress." Those who hunger for the truth of His inspired Word will be helped and encouraged by the insights this commentary offers in understanding, appreciating, and applying the eternal message of this inspired book of the Scriptures. James. In this, Jesus is superior to the *angels. Background of the Book. 7. of--The Greek is rather, "In reference TO the angels." A fuller accomplishment is yet to be, when He shall be VISIBLY the anointed King over the whole earth (set by the Father) on His holy hill of Zion, Psalms 2:6 Psalms 2:8 . In Deuteronomy 32:43 , the Septuagint has, "Let all the angels of God worship Him," words not now found in the Hebrew. . From the glory of the person and office of Christ, we proceed to the glory of his grace. by inheritance obtained--He always had the thing itself, namely, Sonship; but He "obtained by inheritance," according to the promise of the Father, the name "Son," whereby He is made known to men and angels. Quotation from Psalms 110:1 . (2) Relatively, in comparison with the angels, Hebrews 1:4 ; the confirmation of this follows, and the very name "Son" is proved at Hebrews 1:5 ; the "heirship," Hebrews 1:6-9 ; the "making the worlds," Hebrews 1:10-12 ; the "sitting at the right hand" of God, Hebrews 1:13 Hebrews 1:14 ." So the superiority of the Son of God to angels is shown. Scripture: Hebrews 1:1–4. 11 they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment, 12 like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. Flame of fire his ministers ( beginning -- English Version is correct ( compare Matthew 5:33 ; Greek ``. 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