To whom was 2 Thessalonians written and why? About six months later (a.d. 51/52) he sent 2 Thessalonians in response to further information about the church there. A Bible Study, "Sondergaard is a member of the New Apostolic Reformation cult. As was his custom, Paul identifies himself in the very first line by writing “Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the … Paul ends this letter by saying, "I, Paul, write this greeting with my own hand, and this is a distinguishing mark in every letter; this is the way I write. Additionally, given that there is notable ambiguity about the proximity of Christ’s KEY VERSES: 2 Thessalonians 2:15-17 "Therefore, brethren, stand fast and hold the traditions which you were taught, whether by word or our epistle. 20–21 (originally published as. Purpose of Writing: In the church of Thessalonica there were some misunderstandings about the return of Christ. Second Thessalonians was undoubtedly written to deal with the embarrassment resulting from Paul’s belief that Jesus would return in his own lifetime, yet died disappointed. NETBible. This discussion seeks to reveal the slender evidential basis of certain ‘classic’ arguments against the authenticity of the letter, and also to present some fresh reasons why the epistle should be regarded as written by Paul. 1 Thessalonians was sent specifically to young believers in the newly established church in Thessalonica, although it generally speaks to Christians everywhere. But notice that the verse does not explicitly state this. Would he say that Jesus is the most precious thing to me? Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians and sent it to the church. 1 Answer Active; Voted; Newest; Oldest; 0. [6], The second, balancing, letter section (2:13–3:16c) also comprises two halves: 2:13–3:5 (with pieces: A 2:13–14, B 2:15–17, B' 3:1–5) and 3:6–16c (with pieces: A 3:6–9, B 3:10–12, B' 3:13-16c). Missing or empty |title= (help). Because of its similarity to 1 Thessalonians, it must have been written not long after the first letter—perhaps about six months. 1 Thessalonians was almost certainly written by Paul (basic reason: it coheres in writing style, vocabulary, theological perspective, and presupposed historical situation with the other letters almost universally acknowledged as having been written by Paul). Author: 1 Thessalonians 1:1 indicates that the Book of 1 Thessalonians was written by the apostle Paul, probably along with Silas and Timothy. Two thousand years have passed since Paul penned 1–2 Thessalonians. With the … No one really questioned that until the beginning of the 19th century. Modern biblical scholarship is divided on whether the epistle was written by Paul; Most New Testament scholars believe Paul wrote this epistle but some modern scholars reject its authenticity based on what they see as differences in style and theology between this and the Fi… Many modern scholars agree with Ehrman that 2 Thessalonians was not written by Paul but by an associate or disciple after his death. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter and special offers. This article is part of the Why Study the Book? Clearly, the man of sin is Satan’s parody of the true Messiah. Only then will the "Lord Jesus" come to "destroy him with the breath of his mouth" (2:3–8)… But can this be by the same author who wrote the other letter, 1 Thessalonians? Of the twelve pieces in 2 Thessalonians seven begin with 'brother' introductions. [8] So also Colin Nicholl[9] who has put forward a substantial argument for the authenticity of Second Thessalonians. Metzger, Bruce M. (2003). Second Thessalonians is obviously an imitation of the style of First Thessalonians but seems to reflect a later time. There will be some kind of political or religious uprising and rebellion, and an Antichrist-like figure will appear who will take his seat in the Temple of Jerusalem and declare himself to be God. God is not pleased with those who sit around and do nothing. Yet there are obvious reasons why 2 Thessalonians would come after the first letter due to Paul clearing up some confusing topics in 1 Thessalonians that weren’t covered clearly. These people announced that the day of the Lord had already started (probably by means of a falsified epistle, which Paul was claimed to have written). This error is corrected in chapter 2 (2:1–12), where Paul tells the Thessalonians that a great tribulation must occur before Christ's return. ), Ronald B. Allen (Th.D. So I write." If 1 Thessalonians were written first, did Paul not remember what he had written by the time he wrote 2 Thessalonians? Only he who now restrains it will do so until he is out of the way” (2nd Thess 2:7) and then “the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will kill with the breath of his mouth and bring to nothing by the appearance of his coming” (2nd Thess 2:8). This leads some critics to conclude that Paul could not have written … 2 Thessalonians 1 - Why God? The Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, commonly referred to as Second Thessalonians or 2 Thessalonians is a book from the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Landscape The bustling seaport city of Thessalonica was the capital of Macedonia, located along the Egnatian Way — the most important trade route in the Roman Empire, running from Rome to Asia Minor. 1 Cor. [36] In his homily on this verse, John Chrysostom differentiates oral tradition from written tradition. "[35] Quoting this verse, in his On the Holy Spirit, Basil the Great writes, "These [traditions] have been passed on by word of mouth from Paul or from the other apostles, without necessarily being written down,"[36] and mentions the Trinitarian confession of faith as an example of "unwritten tradition". The Charismatic Spiritual Conversational Style. Scholars have looked into the possibility of 2 Thessalonians being written first because of … Paul wrote 2 Thessalonians to commend his children in the faith for their growth and faithfulness, to correct the doctrinal error about the day of the Lord, and to warn the idle to get back to work. Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). Silas and Timothy did not author the letter of 2 Thessalonians, as they did not write the letter of 1 Thessalonians. Yeah, not so much. Also fanaticism had come in among them. 2 Thessalonians Greeting. Purpose of Writing: In the church of Thessalonica there were some misunderstandings about the return of Christ. [1], Scholars who support its authenticity view it as having been written around 51–52 AD, shortly after the First Epistle. Paul wrote 2 Thessalonians to reassure those terrified that the day of the Lord had already come ; to strengthen the Thessalonians in the face of continuing persecution ; and to deal with the problem of some of the church members refusing to earn their own living . As in most of his letters, Paul offers advice about how to live in a way that pleases God (4:1-12). Bart Ehrman observes (The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, p. 23): "The frequent occurence of forgery in this period does not suggest a basic tolerance o… Paul most likely wrote 1 Thessalonians from Corinth shortly after Timothy's arrival in order to address these issues. How much more so when it comes to the end of the whole world? It must certainly be dated very shortly after 1 Thessalonians, for the content and style are so similar. 2 Thessalonians appears to have been written shortly after 1 Thessalonians. But perhaps the queen doth protest too much. If our historical reconstruction is correct (see below), we believe that Paul periodically sent friend… It says not to be troubled by a previous letter written as if by Paul, which can only be 1 Thessalonians, saying … If you’re just joining us, read Part I of the series as... Walter Moberly's The God of the Old Testament--... All the way back to the second century when Marcion suggested that... Rick Lawrence has just released a new book. [37] Cyril of Jerusalem shares a similar view in his Catechetical Lectures, argues that the traditions stated by Paul should be preserved and memorized, at a minimum in the form of the Creed. Obviously Paul wrote the Book of 2nd Thessalonians, probably near AD 52 and almost immediately after 1st Thessalonians because the church had more questions about Jesus’ second coming and those already departed. [31], If this letter is authentic, then it might have been written soon after Paul's first letter to this community—or possibly years later. [6], One piece of evidence for the authenticity of the epistle is that it was included in Marcion's canon and the Muratorian fragment. As biblical scholarship evolved, people began asking different questions of the text. [19] According to Leon Moris in 1986, the majority of current scholars at that time still held to Paul's authorship of 2 Thessalonians.[20]. Both Jesus and the man of sin have support for their claims by miraculous works (2 Thessalonians 2:9). Macarthur writes, "Paul added an identifying signature (cf. KEY VERSES: 2 Thessalonians 2:15-17 "Therefore, brethren, stand fast and hold the traditions which you were taught, whether by word or our epistle. He then expresses thanks that his readers were the elect of God, chosen for salvation and saved by His grace through faith, and thus not susceptible to the deception of the "Great Apostasy," (2 Thess 2:13–14) first mentioned here as is the "Katechon" (2 Thess 2:6–7). This is the mark in every letter of mine; it is the way I write" (3:17)… What is peculiar is that the author claims that this is his invariant practice. To Whom Was It Written and Why? "[11], Those who believe Paul was the author of Second Thessalonians also note how Paul drew attention to the authenticity of the letter by signing it himself: "I, Paul, write this greeting with my own hand, which is how I write in every letter.". Both external and internal evidence (see 1:1; 2:18) support the view that Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians (from Corinth; see note on 3:1–2). 2 Thessalonians 2:2 not to be easily disconcerted or alarmed by any spirit or message or letter seeming to be from us, alleging that the Day of the Lord has already come. From some research, I found that this letter was written quickly after the first letter, maybe just a few months. There were three main developments that made this letter important: 1) Persecution of the Thessalonians had grown more severe, and some of them were beginning to despair, 2) a fake “letter from Paul” was at the point of convincing some If 1 Thessalonians were written first, did Paul not remember what he had written by the time he wrote 2 Thessalonians? Patheos has the views of the prevalent religions and spiritualities of the world. Please also opt me in for Exclusive Offers from Patheos’s Partners, What Is The Purpose Of The Book Of 1st Thessalonians? Date of Writing: The Book of 1 Thessalonians was written in approximately A.D. 50. For example, he argues that the views concerning the Second Coming of Christ expressed in 2 Thessalonians differ so strikingly from those found in 1 Thessalonians that they cannot be written by the same author: The author of 2 Thessalonians, claiming to be Paul, argues that the end is not, in fact, coming right away. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. "[41], A passage from this book reading "For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, that if any would not work, neither should he eat", (2 Thess. What’s in it for us today? Treasury of Scripture. 2 Thessalonians? The First Epistle to the Thessalonians, commonly referred to as First Thessalonians or 1 Thessalonians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle, and is addressed to the church in Thessalonica, in modern-day Greece.It is likely the first of Paul's letters, probably written by the end of AD 52. The first Letter of Paul to the Thessalonians was likely written by St. Paul from Corinth about 50 CE. 5–6, Another scholar who argues for the authenticity of this letter is Jerome Murphy-O'Connor. Apparently when Paul wrote this, “the mystery of lawlessness is already at work. He also wanted to let them know that he intended to come and see them again (3:11). The church at Thessalonica, even after Paul’s first letter to them (1st Thess), they still had questions about the second coming of Jesus Christ and about those who had passes away already and those still living. Biblical commentator and pastor John Macarthur writes, "The emphasis is on how to maintain a church with an effective testimony in proper response to sound eschatology and obedience to the truth."[34]. Some of the people in Thessalonica had thought that Jesus had already returned, this letter was written to correct any misunderstandings. It is possible that his first letter did not resolve all the questions the … Further, there is some urgency in the writing (cf. The problem then arises, as Raymond Brown points out, whether this letter is an authentic writing of Paul written by one of his followers in his name. 3rd ed. It is not fair to expect someone else to work and feed you the bread that they have earned. The reference in 2:2 suggests that the letter belongs to the deutero-Pauline period, and the letter may have been intended to replace 1 Thessalonians entirely. It states that this salutation was written by Paul himself; it does not state that the entire epistle was written by Paul. What Is The Purpose Of The Book Of 2nd Thessalonians? For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God” (2nd Thess 2:3-4). As Professor Ernest Best, New Testament scholar, explains the problem; The structures of the two letters (to which Best refers) include opening greetings (1 Thess. If someone came up to a friend of mine and ask him, “What is the most important thing in Jack’s life,” what would he say? [9] pp. Second Thessalonians is the ninth of Paul’s letters.Of the 27 New Testament books, Paul wrote 13. This leads some critics to conclude that Paul could not have written both letters. [10] He points out that 'the pseudonymous view is ... more vulnerable than most of its advocates conceded. [2][3] Those who see it as a later composition assign a date of around 80–115 AD.[4]. They had a huge lack of understanding about the return of Christ for His church and so 2nd Thessalonians is a support letter or a follow up to 1st Thessalonians and in referencing 1st Thessalonians, he almost saying that they should be read together and not separately because it will give them a broader picture. 1:1, 2 Thess. and was it an introduction or a response to a ... Lv 5. But it is not how most of the undisputed letters of Paul end, including 1 Thessalonians. The First Epistle to the Thessalonians, commonly referred to as First Thessalonians or 1 Thessalonians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle, and is addressed to the church in Thessalonica, in modern-day Greece.It is likely the first of Paul's letters, probably written by the end of AD 52. So I write." Thanksgiving. Paul desired to clear them up in his letter. Scholars debate whether or to what extent Paul is writing to defend himself, perhaps against accusations that he was profiting from his ministry and neglecting the congregations he had established (see e.g., 2:3, 5,6). Some had expected Jesus to return very soon and so they had quit their jobs and Paul wrote “we hear that some among you walk in idleness, not busy at work, but busybodies” (1st Thess 3:11) so “we command and encourage in the Lord Jesus Christ to do their work quietly and to earn their own living” (2nd Thess 3:12) because “If anyone is not willing to work, let him not eat” (2nd Thess 3:10b). Written To . We are called to live lives of holiness before God. The two letters to the Thessalonians are of interest from a historical point of view because they reveal conditions that existed in the newly formed Christian communities. The salutation of Paul with my own hand, which is the token in every letter: so I write. "[13], Other scholars who hold to authenticity include Beale,[14] Green,[15] Jones,[16] Morris,[17] Witherington,[18] and Kretzmann. This letter was written in response to this concern. From the inference of 2:1–2, the Thessalonians were faced with a false teaching, saying that Christ had already returned. See forgery.'. God have mercy on your soul when you die (Heb 9:27) or when Christ returns (Rev 20:12-15) if you reject this message, your reject your only source of hope (Acts 4:12). 3:16d–18) which frame two, balancing, sections (AA'). Why did Paul write the Book of 2nd Thessalonians? This is one of Paul’s shortest letters and one of the smallest books in the Bible but the Word of God doesn’t depend on the size but upon the power in those words and the Word of God has God’s own power behind it (Isaiah 55;11). The themes of 1 Thessalonians and 2 Thessalonians are similar, suggesting that Paul wrote 2 Thessalonians to clarify and expand on the first epistle. Identity Politics vs. Transactional Politics. Landscape . The Thessalonians still suffered heavy persecution from the enemies of the gospel (2 Thessalonians 1:4; compare 1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:14; 1 Thessalonians 3:3-4). A Bible Study. If Paul had actually written the letter, Ehrman reasons, he would not have needed to include such an autograph: At the end of the letter the author insists that he is Paul and gives a kind of proof: "I, Paul write this greeting with my own hand. "All Thessalonians scholars will need to engage with the arguments of this contribution to the study of the letters." But nearly everyone realizes that t… 3 We continually remember before our God and Father your work produced by faith, your labor prompted by love, and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ. [12] Bruce Metzger writes, "Paul calls attention to his signature, which was added by his own hand as a token of genuineness to every letter of his (3:17). why was the 2 Thessalonians letter written? These scholars emphasize the appearance of "man of sin" in the second chapter of this letter, whether this personage is identified with the Antichrist of 1 John and Revelation, or with a historical person like Caligula.[33]. In 2 Thessalonians these begin with similar successions of nine Greek words, at 1:3 and 2:13. He even refers to the Book of Daniel by writing of the end times, “Let no one deceive you in any way. Why it was written. The letter continues by encouraging the Thessalonian church to stand firm in their faith, and to "keep away from every brother who leads an unruly life and not according to the tradition which you received from us... do not associate with him, so that he will be put to shame. And for a couple hundred years, scholars have gone back and forth and debated whether 2 Thessalonians was written by Paul. See, for example, Beverly Roberts Gaventa,[25] Vincent Smiles,[26] Udo Schnelle,[27] Eugene Boring,[28] and Joseph Kelly. Choose from 500 different sets of study bible 2 thessalonians flashcards on Quizlet. Thessalonica was the second city in Europe where Paul helped to create an organized Christian community. The Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Revised Edition) states that Paul “wrote the second letter a few months after he wrote 1 Thessalonians. Ehrman also argues that the self-referencing signature at the end of 2 Thessalonians was likely used by the forger of the epistle to authenticate what he had written. 1 Thessalonians was sent specifically to young believers in the newly established church in Thessalonica, although it generally speaks to Christians everywhere. Now, you asked about eschatological differences between 1 and 2 Thessalonians. As was his custom, Paul identifies himself in the very first line by writing “Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (1:1) so we know who wrote it, the intended audience (Thessalonica church) but exactly why he wrote it, we will see in the next paragraph. Eschatology is the study of biblical teachings about the approaching end-times and deals with the return of Jesus Christ and those things written that are to follow His return. If we endure great persecutions and afflictions from those who hate us and really, hate God (2nd Thess 1:4) you and I will be “considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which [we] are also suffering” (1st Thess 1:5). If, conversely, 2 Thessalonians were written first, did Paul not remember that he warned his readers against precisely the views that he now embraced in the second letter? In his book Forged, New Testament scholar Bart D. Ehrman puts forward some of the most common arguments against the authenticity of 2 Thessalonians. Certain things have to happen first. First Thessalonians provides Christians with the clearest biblical passage on the coming rapture of believers, an event that will inaugurate the seven-year tribulation. We are not responsible for saving anyone; it is their response to His ability, although it is our responsibility to tell them. And 2 Thessalonians… To whom was 2 Thessalonians written and why? Apparently some of the Thessalonian followers had questions about what would happen to followers who had died before … Learn study bible 2 thessalonians with free interactive flashcards. 2 Thessalonians was probably written a few months later, also from Corinth. 1 a Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy, To the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: 2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Thessalonians’ role in the Bible. If Paul were the author, the books would have had to be written just a few months apart. Brown notes that Paul "most likely visited Thessalonica several times in his journeys to Macedonia". Obviously Paul wrote the Book of 2nd Thessalonians, probably near AD 52 and almost immediately after 1st Thessalonians because the church had more questions about Jesus’ second coming and those already departed. Alfred Loisy, The Birth of the Christian Religion, University Books, New York 1962, pp. For these reasons, Paul thought it necessary to write a second letter to the Thessalonians. Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. When you read 1 and 2 Thessalonians, it seems pretty obvious that the Apostle Paul wrote them because his name is at the beginning of both the letters. Far and away the largest theological contribution of both 1 and 2 Thessalonians lies in what they say about eschatology. Opening 2 Thessalonians this morning, the sequel to 1 Thessalonians. In other words, keep working and witnessing and don’t be concerned about the exact time of Jesus’ return. Udo Schnelle, translated by M. Eugene Boring. Concordia NIV Study Bible. Posted Paul wanted to greet the Thessalonians and thank them for their faithfulness. Both external and internal evidence (see 1:1; 2:18) support the view that Paul wrote 1 Thessalonians (from Corinth; see note on 3:1–2). [42], This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Some of the Thessalonians apparently believed that Jesus Christ was about to return momentarily and had consequently given up their jobs and had become disorderly. There seems to be a fundamental disparity between the teachings of 1 and 2 Thessalonians, which is why so many scholars think that 2 Thessalonians is not by Paul. 5:28, 2 Thess. Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself, and our God and Father, who has loved us and given us everlasting consolation and good hope by grace, comfort your hearts and establish you in every good word and work." Date of Writing: The Book of 1 Thessalonians was written in approximately A.D. 50. It was a response to a problem. It is possible that his first letter did not resolve all the questions the … 2 Thessalonians? series.. From Ancient Thessalonica to Us Today. Nine of these … Summary of the Book of 2 Thessalonians. 16:21; Col. 4:18) so his readers could be sure he was truly the author. The Thessalonians were being told that the day they had hoped for had already passed. The Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, commonly referred to as Second Thessalonians or 2 Thessalonians is a book from the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Why did Paul write the Book of 2nd Thessalonians? The background of 2 Thessalonians is therefore essentially the same as that of 1 Thessalonians, with only slight additions. The date of this letter is related to its occasion. Compare the scenario of Jesus's appearance in 2 Thessalonians, according to which it will be a while yet and preceded by recognizable events, with that of 1 Thessalonians, when the end will come like a "thief in the night," who appears when people least expect it. Growth, & content to rubble the purpose of Writing: the of..., people began asking different questions of the epistle this series of has! Patheos has the views of the whole world of scholars who believe that Paul `` most likely visited several! Paul added an identifying signature ( cf the church of Thessalonica, although generally. Of me Paul with mine own hand, which is the ninth Paul! Aa ' ) pleased with those who sit around and do nothing A.D. 50 and forth and debated 2! Writing ( cf ) he sent 2 Thessalonians being written first, did write... 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