Smith and Birney travelled to London that year to attend the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London. In cases when money was required to vindicate a principle—as in the Chaplin case—thousands of dollars were contributed, To keep slavery out of Kansas cost him $18,000. In 1859, Smith joined the Secret Six, a group of influential northern abolitionists, who supported Brown in his efforts to capture the armory at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (then Virginia) and arm the slaves. In den Jahren 1853 und 1854 vertrat er den Bundesstaat New York im US-Repräsentantenhaus.. Werdegang. As a nationally prominent and influential abolitionist, he played a critical role in the operations of the Underground Railroad. He thought of establishing a seminary for Black students. "[14] Reverend Charles C. Foote was nominated as his running mate. He was born in Utica, NY, in 1797 and made his home in nearby Peterboro until his death in 1874. Gerrit Smith Net Worth. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerrit_Smith, Utica, Oneida County, New York, United States, Peterboro, Madison County, New York, United States, United States House of Representatives from New York, Philanthropist, social reformer and abolitionist, Cornelia Wyntje Smith Cochran (1792 - 1825)*. It was at Smith's home in Peterboro, New York that Elizabeth Cady met fellow abolitionist and future husband Henry Stanton. The difficulty of farming in the Adirondack region, coupled with the settlers' lack of experience in housebuilding and the bigotry of white neighbors, caused the experiment to fail. "[3], Smith was a major benefactor of New-York Central College, McGrawville, a co-educational and racially integrated college in Cortland County. Click here to view the tree. In his address, he declared that all men have an equal right to the soil; that wars are brutal and unnecessary; that slavery could be sanctioned by no constitution, state or federal; that free trade is essential to human brotherhood; that women should have full political rights; that the Federal government and the states should prohibit the liquor traffic within their respective jurisdictions; and that government officers, so far as practicable, should be elected by direct vote of the people. The American reformer and philanthropist Gerrit Smith was born in Utica, New York, on the 6th of March 1797. After 1850, Smith furnished money for the legal expenses of persons charged with infractions of the Fugitive Slave Law. A Visit to the Home of Gerrit Smith", National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park, Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Center, The Railroad to Freedom: A Story of the Civil War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gerrit_Smith&oldid=1004607144, Free Soil Party members of the United States House of Representatives from New York (state), Liberty Party (United States, 1840) presidential nominees, People of New York (state) in the American Civil War, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with USCongress identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wealtha Ann Backus (Jan. 1819 – Aug. 1819; her death), "200,000 acres (81,000 ha) of his land he had divided among various destitute people, and 650 poor women have received money from him to help provide themselves with homes.". [11], He attended numerous revival meetings, and taught Sunday school. Smith and Birney travelled to London that year to attend the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London. This universal exclusion of woman...argues, conclusively, that, not as yet, is there one nation so far emerged from barbarism, and so far practically Christian, as to permit woman to rise up to the one level of the human family. Gerrit Smith was a major influence in the party’s formation because he had broken away from the colonizationists who advocated exporting free blacks from the USA and the Garrisonians who avoided political activity. Gerrit Smith had one sister, and two brothers who lived to adulthood. [5], Smith's maternal aunt, Margaret Livingston, was married to Judge Daniel Cady. [30] Smith's claim was countered by the Tribune, which produced an affidavit, signed by Brown's son, swearing that Smith had full knowledge of all the particulars of the plan, including the plan to instigate a slave uprising. In 1840, Smith played a leading part in the organization of the Liberty Party. The difficulty of farming in the Adirondack Mountains, coupled with the settlers' lack of experience in housebuilding and the bigotry of white neighbors, caused the "Timbuctoo" experiment to fail. From that day to this I have had but a hazy view of dear John Brown's great work. The mansion is where Gerrit Smith and his family lived while aiding runaway slaves on their journey to freedom The Laundry house was where Harriet Russell became employed after Smith purchased her family and brought them to live in Peterboro. An "Industrial Congress" at Philadelphia also nominated him for the presidency in 1848, and the "Land Reformers" in 1856. Gerrit Smith sold farm tracts for one dollar each to 3,000 poor African Americans, many of whom he had helped escape into freedom, with approximately 140,000 acres being transferred between 1846 and 1850. He was an unsuccessful candidate for President of the United States in 1848, 1856 and 1860. Gerrit Smith (March 6, 1797 – December 28, 1874), also spelled Gerritt, was a leading American social reformer, abolitionist, politician, and philanthropist. Gerrit was born to Peter and Elizabeth Livingston Smith on March 6, 1797 in what is now Utica. If you do not have any living relatives then your estate will be given to the provincial government. Delegates were in attendance from New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Kentucky, and Massachusetts. Old men and women asked for sustenance in their infirmity. He was one of the founders of the Church at Peterboro, a non-sectarian institution open to all Christians of whatever denomination. Discover life events, stories and photos about Peter Gerrit Dekker ( ) of Wisconsin, United States. [4]:27, Gerrit was described as "tall, magnificently built and magnificently proportioned, his large head superbly set on his shoulders;" he "might have served as a model for a Greek god in the days when man deified beauty and worshipped it. It had only one instructor, and it lasted only one year. The Gerrit Smith Estate, in Peterboro, New York, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 2001.[32][33]. He was born in Utica, New York in 1797 and lived in nearby Peterboro. "[14] The delegates approved a passage in their address to the people of the United States addressing votes for women: "Neither here, nor in any other part of the world, is the right of suffrage allowed to extend beyond one of the sexes. (Dissatisfied with existing churches' refusal to insist on abolition. At the National Liberty Convention, held June 14–15 in Buffalo, New York, Smith gave a major address, including in his speech a demand for "universal suffrage in its broadest sense, females as well as males being entitled to vote." The sufferers by the Irish famine were gladdened by a gift of $2,000. Join Facebook to connect with Gerrit Smith and others you may know. In the same year, their presidential candidate James G. Birney married Elizabeth Potts Fitzhugh, Smith's sister-in-law. [25] Upset by the raid, its outcome, and its aftermath, Smith suffered a mental breakdown, and for several weeks was confined to the state asylum in Utica. Gerrit Smith (March 6, 1797 – December 28, 1874) was a leading United States social reformer, abolitionist, politician, and philanthropist.Spouse to Ann Carroll Fitzhugh, Smith was a candidate for President of the United States in 1848, 1856, and 1860, but only served 18 months in the federal government—in Congress as a Free Soil Party Representative, in 1853–4. 1841–1880) survived to adulthood.[9][10]. His own college, Hamilton [Colgate], received $20,000; Oneida Institute thousands at a time; Oberlin, a pet with him on account of its freedom from race and sex prejudice, was endowed with land as well as aided by money. Besides making substantial donations of both land and money to create Timbuctoo, an African-American community in North Elba, New York, he was involved in the temperance movement and the colonization movement,[2] before abandoning colonization in favor of abolitionism, the immediate freeing of all the slaves. Upset by the raid, its outcome, and its aftermath, Smith suffered a mental breakdown, and for several weeks was confined to the state asylum in Utica. Gerrit Smith sold farm tracts for one dollar each to 3,000 poor African Americans, many of whom he had helped escape into freedom, with approximately 140,000 acres being transferred between 1846 and 1850. … ancestors.familysearch.org . A staunch abolitionist, he was a member of the Secret Six who financially supported John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. Returning home from college, Smith took on the management of the vast estate of his father, a long-standing partner of John Jacob Astor, and greatly increased the family fortune, described as "monumental". In 1834 he began a Peterboro Manual Labor School for Black students,[4]:30 along the model of nearby Oneida Institute. "[4]:28, Gerrit also inherited 50,000 acres (20,000 ha) of land from his father, and at one point he owned 750,000 acres (300,000 ha), an area bigger than Rhode Island. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was Gerrit Smith’s first cousin, and, in fact, she met her future husband, Henry Stanton, also an active abolitionist, at the home of the Smith family in Peterboro, New York. immediate full abolitionism. View the profiles of people named Gerrit Smith. of Gerrit Hendrickse Blauvelt & Marrietie Lamberts Moll. His private benefactions were substantial; of his gifts he kept no record,[citation needed] but their value is said to have exceeded $8,000,000. The ticket won 171 popular votes from Illinois and Ohio. The Anti-Slavery Impulse in the Burned-Over District", "Gerrit Smith and the Harper's Ferry Outbreak. The delegates approved a passage in their address to the people of the United States addressing votes for women: "Neither here, nor in any other part of the world, is the right of suffrage allowed to extend beyond one of the sexes. [7] Birney, but not Smith, are recorded in the commemorative painting of the event. The dates given are in some cases approximate, either because documents do not provide a definite date, or because there were multiple payments. In doing this, Smith incurred the resentment of Northern Radical Republican leaders. From the guide to the Gerrit Smith Papers, 1762-1962, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries) 1797 March 6: Born in Utica, N.Y., to wealthy landowners, Perer and Elizabeth Smith. From 1852 to 1854, Gerrit Smith served in Congress representing Madison and Oswego Counties. 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